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Vascular Plants of California
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Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa


Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ClaytoniaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, from stolon, rhizome, tuberous root, or taproot, glabrous, +- fleshy. Leaf: entire; basal generally 0--many, rosetted; cauline generally 2, +- opposite, free, +- fused on 1 side, or fused into +- disk. Inflorescence: terminal, raceme, 1-sided; pedicel reflexed, in fruit erect. Flower: petals 5, pink or white; stamens 5; ovary chamber 1, placentas basal, style 1, stigmas 3. Fruit: valves 3, margins inrolling, forcibly expelling seeds. Seed: 3--6, generally black, generally appendaged.
Species In Genus: 27 species: Central America, North America, eastern Asia, Siberia. Etymology: (John Clayton, colonial American botanist, 1694--1773)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers
Reference: Miller & Chambers 2006 Syst Bot Monogr 78:1--236
Unabridged Reference: Miller 2003 FNANM 4:465--474; Miller & Chambers 1993 Novon 3:268--273; Miller & Chambers 2006 Systematics of Claytonia Syst Bot Monogr 78:1--236
Species: Claytonia rubraView Description 


Habit: Annual (perennial herb). Stem: 1--15 cm. Leaf: basal 1--8 cm, blade < 2 cm, elliptic to widely deltate, base truncate to wedge-shaped, tip generally obtuse, petiole linear; cauline fused or +- free on 1 side, < 4 cm wide, generally round or with 2 +- square corners. Inflorescence: +- dense, 1-bracted at base; flowers 3--30. Flower: sepals 1.5--3 mm; petals 2--3.5 mm, white to pink-white. Fruit: 2--3 mm. Seed: 1--2 mm, elliptic, shiny, smooth.
Note: Intergrades with Claytonia parviflora, Claytonia perfoliata.
Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa (A. Gray) John M. Mill. & K.L. Chambers
NATIVE
Leaf: basal elliptic to obovate, base wedge-shaped; cauline fused. Chromosomes: 2n=24,36.
Ecology: Open, often disturbed sites, scrub; Elevation: < 2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, n CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana. Flowering Time: Feb--Apr
Synonyms: Montia perfoliata (Willd.) Howell var. depressa (A. Gray) Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers
Reference: Miller & Chambers 2006 Syst Bot Monogr 78:1--236
Unabridged Reference: Miller 2003 FNANM 4:465--474; Miller & Chambers 1993 Novon 3:268--273; Miller & Chambers 2006 Systematics of Claytonia Syst Bot Monogr 78:1--236
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Botanical illustration including Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa

botanical illustration including Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Kenton L. Chambers 2012, Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=76957, accessed on August 20, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 20, 2019.

Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa
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© 2010 Dana York
Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa
click for enlargement
© 2010 Dana York
Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa
click for enlargement
© 2010 Dana York

More photos of Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Claytonia rubra subsp. depressa:
NCo, KR, n CCo, SnFrB
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.