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Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Species: Lilium washingtonianumView Description 

Habit: Plant < 2.6 m, often glaucous; bulb oblique-elongate to +- erect-ovoid, scales unsegmented, 2-segmented, or indistinctly 2(3)-segmented, longest 3.3--12 cm. Leaf: in 1--9(14) whorls, spreading to ascending, +- clasping stem or not, 3--13 cm, generally oblanceolate; margin wavy or not. Inflorescence: flowers 1--33, nodding to ascending. Flower: generally +- bilateral, +- funnel-shaped, strongly fragrant; perianth parts generally 6.2--11.3 cm (inner wider, strongly oblanceolate), recurved in distal 25--33%, white, turning deep pink or not, magenta spots minute; stamens +- exceeding perianth, filaments +- parallel, anthers 8--15 mm, off-white or cream, pollen yellow or cream; pistil 7.5--10.4 cm. Fruit: 2.7--5.8 cm.

Unabridged Note: Lilium washingtonianum subsp. purpurascens replaces the Sierran Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum near Mount Shasta in Siskiyou Co., and extends western through Klamath Mountains and northern through Cascades to Mt. Hood in Clackamas Co., Oregon.

Lilium washingtonianum Kellogg subsp. washingtonianum
Habit: Bulb oblique-elongate, scales indistinctly 2(3)-segmented or generally unsegmented. Flower: perianth parts 7.9--11.3 cm, recurved in distal 25--33% rarely turning pink, abaxially generally white, adaxial yellow midrib in basal 50%; anthers off-white or cream, turning pale pink or dirty yellow, pollen pale yellow or cream. Fruit: ribbed or not.
Ecology: Mixed conifer forest; Elevation: 1050--1900 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR, SN. Flowering Time: Jun--Aug
Synonyms: Lilium washingtonianum var. minor Purdy;
Jepson eFlora Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 10, 2018.

Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
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© 2012 Neal Kramer
Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
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© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lilium washingtonianum subsp. washingtonianum:
KR, CaR, SN.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.