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Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
WIGGINS' LILY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Species: Lilium pardalinumView Description 


Habit: Plant < 2.8 m, +- clonal; bulb spreading-elongate, often branched, scales (1)2--4-segmented, longest 1--3.3 cm. Leaf: alternate or in 1--8 whorls, 4--27 cm, generally +- elliptic; margin generally not wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--28(35), pendent. Flower: +- widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4--10.4 cm, reflexed in distal 67--75%, generally +- 2-toned, adaxially generally pale orange to red on distal 25--60%, lighter near base, with maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange, abaxially paler and green on basal +- 20%; filaments +- widely diverging, anthers 5--22 mm, +- magenta to orange or yellow, turning darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, turning lighter; pistil 3--8 cm. Fruit: 2.3--6 cm.

Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii (Beane & Vollmer) M.W. Skinner
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 1.7 m, weakly clonal; bulb scales 2--4-segmented. Leaf: whorled (or alternate especially in small plants). Flower: perianth parts 3.4--7.1 cm, not 2-toned (generally uniformly orange or yellow-orange); stamens often malformed or shrunken, anthers 5--13 mm, pale yellow, pollen yellow or orange; pistil 3--4.3 cm. Fruit: 2.3--4.2 cm.
Ecology: Wet thickets, meadows, streams among conifers; Elevation: 800--2000 m. Bioregional Distribution: e KR; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Lilium wigginsii Beane & Vollmer
Jepson eFlora Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii

botanical illustration including Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii

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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=76935, accessed on September 18, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on September 18, 2019.

Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
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© 1998 John Game
Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
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© 2016 Dana York
Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
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© 2008 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii
click for enlargement
© 2016 Dana York

More photos of Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii:
e KR
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.