Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Epilobium densiflorum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OnagraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2--7); petals 4(2--7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
Genera In Family: 22 genera, +- 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). Note: Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: EpilobiumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub. Leaf: generally opposite proximally (or clustered in axils), generally +- fine-toothed; veins generally obscure. Inflorescence: generally raceme, bracted. Flower: radial or rarely +- bilateral; sepals 4, erect; petals 4, notched; stamens 8, anthers attached at middle, pollen grains generally shed in 4s, cream-yellow; ovary chambers 4, stigma generally club-like, occasionally 4-lobed. Fruit: straight, cylindric to club-like. Seed: generally in 1 row per chamber, generally with white, deciduous hair-tuft.
Species In Genus: 165 species: worldwide except tropics. Etymology: (Greek: upon pod, from inferior ovary) Note: Incl Boisduvalia, Zauschneria. Most taxa polyploid; many with anthers +- = stigma self-pollinated; many hybrids. Taxa with alternate leaves moved to Chamerion.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter C. Hoch

Epilobium densiflorum (Lindl.) Hoch & P.H. Raven
Habit: Annual 0.5--15 dm, simple or branched distally, peeling proximally, spreading hairy or strigose. Leaf: opposite only near base, +- sessile, 14--85 mm, (narrowly) lanceolate to sublinear; distal leaves hairy. Inflorescence: leafy, +- dense spike, sometimes glandular. Flower: hypanthium 1.3--4 mm; sepals 2--8 mm; petals 3--10 mm, rose-purple to white; stigma head-like to irregularly 4-lobed. Fruit: 4--11 mm, cylindric, pliable, not beaked, dehiscent to base; axis persistent; pedicel 0--2.5 mm. Seed: 1.2--1.6(1.9) mm, netted, glabrous, hair-tuft 0. Chromosomes: 2n=20.
Ecology: Streambanks, outwashes, seasonal moist flats; Elevation: < 2600 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc SCo, ChI), MP; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Arizona, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Oct Note: Highly variable.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter C. Hoch
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botanical illustration including Epilobium densiflorum


Citation for this treatment: Peter C. Hoch 2016. Epilobium densiflorum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 02, 2016.

Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2005 Keir Morse
Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2010 George W. Hartwell
Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2010 George W. Hartwell
Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Epilobium densiflorum
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell

More photos of Epilobium densiflorum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Epilobium densiflorum:
CA-FP (exc SCo, ChI), MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.