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Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PenstemonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BEARDTONGUE
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: generally opposite, entire to toothed; distal sessile. Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, cyme, or flowers in whorls; bracts generally small. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal; corolla tube +- cylindric or lower side expanded, +- 2-lipped, generally pink or blue to purple (some red, yellow, or white), upper lip 2-lobed, external in bud; stamens 4, filament bases glabrous, attached to corolla at different levels, anther sacs 2, valves generally spreading +- flat at dehiscence; staminode attached near base of corolla tube, well developed, generally hairy adaxially; nectaries 2, at bases of upper stamens; stigma unlobed. Fruit: septicidal and sometimes also loculicidal at tip. Seed: generally many, irregularly angled.
Species In Genus: 250 species: North America, especially western United States. Etymology: (Latin & Greek: almost thread, from stamen-like staminode) Note: Largest genus of flower plants endemic to North America. Penstemon subglaber, Penstemon strictus may persist in SNH, from commercial wildflower seed mixes or plantings; both native to Rocky Mountains.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Species: Penstemon clevelandiiView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 30--70 cm, much-branched; herbage glabrous. Leaf: 20--60 mm, thick, +- ovate. Inflorescence: glabrous or glandular. Flower: calyx 3.5--6.5 mm, lobes ovate to +- round; corolla 18--24 mm, gradually expanded into throat, throat 4.5--8 mm wide when pressed, pink, magenta, or red-purple, unlined, glandular outside and inside (floor lacks nonglandular hairs); anther sacs dehiscing full length; staminode included.


Penstemon clevelandii A. Gray var. clevelandii
NATIVE
Leaf: entire to moderately serrate; distal cauline leaf bases free, cordate-clasping to rounded. Flower: anther sacs 0.8--1.3 mm, spreading flat; staminode glabrous or sparsely hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=16.
Ecology: Rocky hillsides, rock crevices in creosote-bush scrub, juniper/pinyon woodland, chaparral; Elevation: 400--1800 m. Bioregional Distribution: PR/DSon; Distribution Outside California: Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: Variable; hybridizes with Penstemon centranthifolius.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
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botanical illustration including Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren 2016. Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76763, accessed on May 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 24, 2016.


Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 1998 Christopher L. Christie
Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2013 James M. Andre
Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2013 James M. Andre
Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii
click for enlargement
© 2013 James M. Andre

More photos of Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Penstemon clevelandii var. clevelandii:
PR/DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.