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Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
SAN JACINTO BEARDTONGUE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PLANTAIN FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PenstemonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BEARDTONGUE
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: generally opposite, entire to toothed; distal sessile. Inflorescence: panicle, raceme, cyme, or flowers in whorls; bracts generally small. Flower: calyx lobes 5, +- equal; corolla tube +- cylindric or lower side expanded, +- 2-lipped, generally pink or blue to purple (some red, yellow, or white), upper lip 2-lobed, external in bud; stamens 4, filament bases glabrous, attached to corolla at different levels, anther sacs 2, valves generally spreading +- flat at dehiscence; staminode attached near base of corolla tube, well developed, generally hairy adaxially; nectaries 2, at bases of upper stamens; stigma unlobed. Fruit: septicidal and sometimes also loculicidal at tip. Seed: generally many, irregularly angled.
Species In Genus: 250 species: North America, especially western United States. Etymology: (Latin & Greek: almost thread, from stamen-like staminode) Note: Largest genus of flower plants endemic to North America. Penstemon subglaber, Penstemon strictus may persist in SNH, from commercial wildflower seed mixes or plantings; both native to Rocky Mountains.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
Species: Penstemon clevelandiiView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 30--70 cm, much-branched; herbage glabrous. Leaf: 20--60 mm, thick, +- ovate. Inflorescence: glabrous or glandular. Flower: calyx 3.5--6.5 mm, lobes ovate to +- round; corolla 18--24 mm, gradually expanded into throat, throat 4.5--8 mm wide when pressed, pink, magenta, or red-purple, unlined, glandular outside and inside (floor lacks nonglandular hairs); anther sacs dehiscing full length; staminode included.


Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus Munz & I.M. Johnst.
NATIVE
Leaf: sharply serrate; distal cauline leaf bases fused around stem. Flower: corolla 19--22 mm, bright pink; anther sacs 1.3--1.6 mm, valves barely spreading; staminode +- hairy.
Ecology: Rocky hillsides, rock crevices in creosote-bush scrub, juniper/pinyon woodland, chaparral; Elevation: 400--1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: e PR (e slope SnJt, Santa Rosa mtns). Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: Distinctive; perhaps should be recognized as sp.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren
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Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax & Noel H. Holmgren 2016. Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76762, accessed on May 06, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 06, 2016.


Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Penstemon clevelandii var. connatus:
e PR (e slope SnJt, Santa Rosa mtns).
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.