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Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja subinclusaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 30--120 cm, (gray-)green, becoming +- purple, +- puberulent to hairs long- and short-glandular. Stem: with short axillary shoots. Leaf: 30--80 mm, lanceolate; lobes 0--3. Inflorescence: 6--40 cm, open proximally; bracts 20--60 mm, generally entire, tips bright red to orange-red; pedicels < 10 mm (distal 0). Flower: calyx 20--32 mm, divided 2/3 abaxially, 1/6--1/3 adaxially, glandular-puberulent and long-hairy, lobes acute to obtuse, +- curved upward; corolla (including lower lip) generally curved out through abaxial calyx sinus, 30--50 mm, beak +- = tube, yellow-green, margins rose-pink, beak densely shaggy-puberulent, lower lip 2--3 mm, dark green or +- purple; stigma unlobed. Fruit: 10--15 mm. Seed: +- 2 mm; coat deeply netted, tight-fitting, most walls ladder-like.
Note: Range is discontinuous.

Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana (Pennell) T.I. Chuang & Heckard
Inflorescence: strongly 2-colored, red and yellow. Flower: calyx sides +- entire to divided < 1/5, lobes linear to narrowly deltate, obviously curved upward; corolla yellow-orange. Chromosomes: 2n=24,48,72,96.
Ecology: Coastal scrub; Elevation: < 100 m. Bioregional Distribution: s NCo (s Mendocino, Sonoma cos.), n CCo (to Santa Cruz Co.), w SnFrB. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Unabridged Synonyms: Castilleja franciscana Pennell
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
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botanical illustration including Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2017. Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 25, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 25, 2017.

Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana
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© 1998 John Game

More photos of Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja subinclusa subsp. franciscana:
s NCo (s Mendocino, Sonoma cos.), n CCo (to Santa Cruz Co.), w SnFrB.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.