Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis
OREGON COAST PAINTBRUSH

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PAINTBRUSH, OWL'S-CLOVER
Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja affinisView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 15--60 cm, few-branched, green becoming +- purple, +- glabrous to bristly-puberulent, generally nonglandular. Leaf: linear to lanceolate; lobes 0--5, tips +- rounded. Inflorescence: 5--30 cm; bracts 17--25 mm, lobes 0--5. Flower: calyx divided +- 1/3--1/2 abaxially and adaxially, +- 1/4--1/3 on sides, long-nonglandular- and short-glandular-hairy, lobes acute to obtuse, generally not curved upward; corolla beak +- 1--1.5 × tube, adaxially generally shaggy-hairy, margins +- red or +- yellow, lower lip 2--3 mm, green to dark purple; stigma slightly notched. Fruit: 10--15 mm. Seed: 1.5--2 mm; coat deeply netted, tight-fitting, most walls ladder-like.
Note: Many forms, some geographically isolated; hybridizes with other species.

Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis (Pennell) T.I. Chuang & Heckard
NATIVE
Habit: Plant glabrous to sparsely puberulent. Leaf: 30--80 mm, +- oblong, generally entire. Inflorescence: generally 30--50 mm wide, bright red to orange-red; bract lobes obtuse. Flower: calyx 20--25 mm, lobes obtuse; corolla 25--40 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=120,144.
Ecology: Generally dry sea bluffs; Elevation: < 160 m. Bioregional Distribution: n&c NCo; Distribution Outside California: Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Castilleja affinis subsp. affinis
Next taxon: Castilleja affinis subsp. neglecta

Name Search
botanical illustration including Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=76729, accessed on May 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 24, 2016.


Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis
click for enlargement
© 2010 Dana York
Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis
click for enlargement
© 2010 Dana York

More photos of Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja affinis subsp. litoralis:
n&c NCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.