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Vascular Plants of California
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Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PrunellaView Description 

Common Name: SELF-HEAL
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous to hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect, proximal nodes occasionally rooting. Leaf: basal and cauline, generally petioled; blade generally entire. Inflorescence: densely clustered, +- spike-like, terminal; bract generally wide, abruptly acuminate. Flower: generally bisexual, occasionally only pistillate; calyx 2-lipped, upper lip = lower, upper lip 3-toothed, lower 2-lobed; corolla finely hairy inside, 2-lipped, lower lip 3-lobed, upper lip +- entire, hood-like, +- enclosing stamens; stamens 4, lower pair > upper, filaments minutely toothed below anthers. Fruit: nutlets obovoid.
Species In Genus: 4 species: temperate, especially Eurasia. Etymology: (Latin: from early German name for plant used to treat chest pains)
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Trusty et al. 2004 Syst Bot 29:702--715
Unabridged Reference: Wagstaff et al. 1998 Pl Syst Evol 209:265--274
Species: Prunella vulgarisView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Stem: 1--5 dm, glabrous to short-hairy. Leaf: lower petioled, petiole 5--30 mm; upper +- sessile; blade 2--7 cm, generally 1--4 cm wide, ovate to elliptic or lanceolate, base generally wedge-shaped. Inflorescence: 2--6.5 cm; bract margins ciliate, +- red. Flower: calyx 7--11 mm, dark green to +- purple; corolla 12--15 mm in bisexual flowers, 8--11 mm in pistillate, +- blue-violet, occasionally pink or white. Chromosomes: 2n=28,32.

Prunella vulgaris L. var. vulgaris
NATURALIZED

Ecology: Moist, disturbed sites; Elevation: < 2500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CaR, SN, CCo, SCo, MP; Distribution Outside California: eastern United States; native to Europe. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep
Unabridged Synonyms: Prunella vulgaris var. parviflora (Gilib.) J.W. Moore
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Trusty et al. 2004 Syst Bot 29:702--715
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=75995, accessed on November 11, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on November 11, 2019.

Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris
click for enlargement
© 2012 Vernon Smith
Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris
click for enlargement
© 2012 Vernon Smith

More photos of Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Prunella vulgaris var. vulgaris:
NCo, CaR, SN, CCo, SCo, MP
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.