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Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
BUCKBRUSH

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RhamnaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BUCKTHORN FAMILY
Habit: [Perennial herb] shrub, tree, generally erect, often thorny. Leaf: simple, generally alternate, often clustered on short-shoots; stipules generally present, occasionally modified into spines; generally petioled; blade pinnate-veined or 1--5-ribbed from base. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, umbel, or flowers 1 or clustered in axils or on short-shoots. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium subtending, surrounding, or partly fused to ovary; sepals 4--5; petals 0, 4--5, generally clawed; stamens 0, 4--5, alternate sepals, attached to hypanthium top, each generally fitting into a petal concavity; disk (0 or) between stamens, ovary, thin to fleshy, entire or lobed, free from ovary, adherent or fused to hypanthium; ovary superior or +- inferior, chambers [1]2--4, 1--2-ovuled, style 1, stigma entire or 2--3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe.
Genera In Family: 50--52 genera, 950 species: especially tropics, subtropics some cultivated (Ceanothus; Frangula; Rhamnus; Ziziphus).
eFlora Treatment Author: John O. Sawyer, Jr., except as noted
Scientific Editor: Steve Boyd, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CeanothusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: CALIFORNIA-LILAC
Habit: Shrub, tree-like or not, generally erect or mat- to mound-like. Stem: branches generally arranged like leaves; twigs thorn-like or not, generally not angled. Leaf: alternate or opposite, some clustered on short-shoots or not, deciduous or evergreen; stipules scale-like, thin, deciduous, or knob-like, corky, thick, base persistent; blade flat or wavy, tip generally acute to obtuse, margin thick (i.e., thicker than adjacent blade) or not, rolled under or not, wavy or not, entire or gland- or sharp-toothed, glands generally dark, teeth pale, alternate blade 1--3-ribbed from base, generally thin, opposite blade 1-ribbed from base, thick, firm. Inflorescence: umbel-, raceme-, or panicle-like aggregations of few-flowered clusters, axillary or terminal; pedicels white to deep blue or pink. Flower: conspicuous, generally < 5 mm; hypanthium surrounding fleshy disk below ovary base, in fruit thick, not splitting; sepals generally 5, lance-deltate, incurved, colored like petals, persistent; petals generally 5, blade hood-like, white to deep blue or pink; stamens generally 5, opposite petals; ovary 1/2-inferior, 3-lobed, chambers 3, each 1-ovuled, styles 3. Fruit: capsule, +- spheric, generally +- 3-lobed, generally smooth, 3-ridged or not, horned or not. Seed: 3, 2--5 mm.
Species In Genus: +- 55 species: North America. Etymology: (Greek: thorny pl) Note: Hybrids common (named hybrids not recognized here), discussed in Fross & Wilken; hybrid forms do not key easily. As recircumscribed here, Ceanothus greggii A. Gray restricted to Mexico.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
Species: Ceanothus cuneatusView Description 

Habit: Plant erect (mound-like), generally open. Stem: ascending to spreading, occasionally arched, not rooting at nodes; twigs generally brown to gray-brown, generally glabrous to +- puberulent. Leaf: opposite, some clustered or not, evergreen; stipules knob-like; petiole < 3 mm, generally glabrous to +- puberulent; blade 6--30 mm, 3--18 mm wide, elliptic to +- round, dull green, adaxially glabrous, abaxially paler, glabrous to +- strigose, tip obtuse to notched, margin entire or teeth +- sharp. Inflorescence: umbel-like, generally 1--2 cm. Flower: white, pale blue, blue, or lavender. Fruit: 4--6 mm wide, +- 3-ridged distally; horns 0.5--2 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=24.


Ceanothus cuneatus (Hook.) Nutt. var. cuneatus
NATIVE
Habit: Plant < 3 m. Stem: generally ascending to spreading; twigs generally gray-brown. Leaf: some occasionally clustered; blade elliptic, oblanceolate, or obovate, tip acute to +- rounded, margin generally entire. Flower: generally white.
Ecology: Sandy to rocky flats, slopes, ridges; Elevation: < 2133 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP (exc ChI), MP; Distribution Outside California: Oregon, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Feb--May Note: Intergrades with Ceanothus cuneatus var. ramulosus in southern SCoRO, western TR. Were they to be recognized taxonomically, plants from Santa Cruz Mountains with leaf blades 15--27 mm, 9--20 mm wide, wide-elliptic to -obovate, would be assignable to Ceanothus cuneatus var. dubius J.T. Howell; study needed.
Synonyms: Ceanothus cuneatus var. dubius J.T. Howell; Ceanothus cuneatus var. submontanus (Rose) McMinn
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken
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Citation for this treatment: Dieter H. Wilken 2016. Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=75440, accessed on August 23, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 23, 2016.


Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
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© 2009 Neal Kramer
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Ceanothus cuneatus var. cuneatus:
CA-FP (exc ChI), MP;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.