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Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja miniataView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 40--80 cm, few-branched, green or becoming +- purple, glabrous, to long-soft-hairy distally. Leaf: 30--60 mm, +- lanceolate, entire; tip acute. Inflorescence: 3--15 cm; bracts 15--35 mm, lobes 0--5, acute, bright red to +- yellow. Flower: calyx divided 2/3+ abaxially, 1/2--2/3 adaxially, +- 1/4 on sides, lobes acute; corolla beak +- = tube, yellow-green, adaxially puberulent, margins red, lower lip 1--2 mm, dark green, slightly exserted; stigma slightly 2-lobed. Seed: 1.5--2 mm; coat shallowly netted, loose-fitting, inner walls membranous, persistent.

Castilleja miniata Douglas ex Hook. subsp. miniata
Stem: stout. Inflorescence: generally bright red (orange-red). Flower: calyx 15--30 mm; corolla 20--40 mm. Fruit: 10--12 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=24,48,72,96,120.
Ecology: Common. Wet montane meadows, streambanks; Elevation: (350)1500--3500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SNH, c CCo, SCoRO, SW, GB. Flowering Time: May--Sep Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants in lowland southern NCoRO (Pitkin Marsh, Sonoma Co., +- 60 m) with yellow inflorescence assignable to Castilleja uliginosa Eastw., Pitkin Marsh paintbrush.
Synonyms: Castilleja oblongifolia A. Gray
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
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botanical illustration including Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 27, 2016.

Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2003 Christopher L. Christie
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2008 Keir Morse
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2014 Steve Matson

More photos of Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata:
NW, CaR, SNH, c CCo, SCoRO, SW, GB.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.