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Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: CastillejaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, green. Leaf: sessile, entire to dissected. Inflorescence: spike-like; bracts becoming shorter, wider, more lobed than leaves, mature tips generally cream to red or green. Flower: calyx unequally 4-lobed, colored like bract tips; corolla upper 2 lip lobes fused, beak-like, tip open, lower lip reduced, 3-toothed to -pouched; stamens 4, anther sacs 2, unequal; stigma entire to 2-lobed, generally exserted. Fruit: +- asymmetric. Seed: generally +- brown, attached at base; coat netted, net-like walls ladder-like or not.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: especially western North America. Etymology: (Domingo Castillejo, Spanish botanist, 1744--1793) Note: Hybridization and polyploidy common. Biologically consistent taxa difficult to define. Castilleja chrymactis Pennell not in California, sole (1947) record a misidentified, incomplete specimen.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Castilleja miniataView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 40--80 cm, few-branched, green or becoming +- purple, glabrous, to long-soft-hairy distally. Leaf: 30--60 mm, +- lanceolate, entire; tip acute. Inflorescence: 3--15 cm; bracts 15--35 mm, lobes 0--5, acute, bright red to +- yellow. Flower: calyx divided 2/3+ abaxially, 1/2--2/3 adaxially, +- 1/4 on sides, lobes acute; corolla beak +- = tube, yellow-green, adaxially puberulent, margins red, lower lip 1--2 mm, dark green, slightly exserted; stigma slightly 2-lobed. Seed: 1.5--2 mm; coat shallowly netted, loose-fitting, inner walls membranous, persistent.

Castilleja miniata Douglas ex Hook. subsp. miniata
Stem: stout. Inflorescence: generally bright red (orange-red). Flower: calyx 15--30 mm; corolla 20--40 mm. Fruit: 10--12 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=24,48,72,96,120.
Ecology: Common. Wet montane meadows, streambanks; Elevation: (350)1500--3500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SNH, c CCo, SCoRO, SW, GB. Flowering Time: May--Sep Note: If recognized taxonomically, plants in lowland southern NCoRO (Pitkin Marsh, Sonoma Co., +- 60 m) with yellow inflorescence assignable to Castilleja uliginosa Eastw., Pitkin Marsh paintbrush.
Synonyms: Castilleja oblongifolia A. Gray
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard
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botanical illustration including Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata


Citation for this treatment: Margriet Wetherwax, T.I. Chuang & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 1999 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata
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© 2008 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Castilleja miniata subsp. miniata:
NW, CaR, SNH, c CCo, SCoRO, SW, GB.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.