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Piperia elegans subsp. elegans
COAST PIPERIA, ELEGANT PIPERIA

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrchidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ORCHID FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, terrestrial [growing on other pls], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves +- reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not. Leaf: 1--many, basal to cauline, linear to +- round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many, spike or raceme, bracted. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 (lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip. Fruit: capsule. Seed: many, minute.
Genera In Family: +- 800 genera, +- 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. Note: Platanthera may be paraphyletic without inclusion of Piperia (Bateman et al. 2009 Ann Bot 104:431--445); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: PiperiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: PIPERIA
Habit: Plant 10--130 cm; tubers, 1--4 cm, generally +- round; stem bracts lance-linear to ovate. Leaf: at flower 0 or +- basal, not in rosette, 2--5, linear to widely oblanceolate. Inflorescence: spike or raceme, generally cylindric, flowers not in spiral; flower bract generally < flower. Flower: fragrance, when present, generally at night; perianth white to green; sepals generally 2--5 mm, 1--2 mm wide, 1-veined, upper pointed forward to erect, lower free, spreading to reflexed; lateral petals +- = sepals, spreading to erect, lip spurred, pointed forward, down (or upcurved); column < lip; ovary inferior, generally twisted 180°. Fruit: ascending to erect.
Species In Genus: 10 species: North America. Etymology: (Charles V. Piper, American botanist, 1867--1926) Note: Some species difficult to separate.
eFlora Treatment Author: James D. Ackerman & Robert Lauri
Species: Piperia elegansView Description 

Inflorescence: 3--40 cm, generally dense in full sun, open in shade. Flower: sepals white, midvein dark green, upper +- erect; lateral petals spreading to erect, ovate to lance-oblong, white to pale green, base or midvein green, white margins +- equal, lip 2.5--7 mm, +- lanceolate, +- curved downward, spur pointed down. Chromosomes: n=21.


Piperia elegans (Lindl.) Rydb. subsp. elegans
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 12--73(100) cm. Leaf: basal 6--30(38) cm, 10--75(90) mm wide. Flower: fragrance musky; lateral petals white to pale green, base or midvein green, lip white to pale green, spur 7--14 mm. Chromosomes: n=21.
Ecology: Generally dry, open sites, scrub, conifer forest; Elevation: < 500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, w KR, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: May--Sep
Synonyms: Habenaria elegans (Lindl.) Bol. var. maritima (Rydb) Ames; Habenaria elegans var. multiflora (Rydb.) M.Peck; Habenaria greenei Jeps.
eFlora Treatment Author: James D. Ackerman & Robert Lauri
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botanical illustration including Piperia elegans subsp. elegans

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Citation for this treatment: James D. Ackerman & Robert Lauri 2016. Piperia elegans subsp. elegans, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=74709, accessed on February 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 07, 2016.


Piperia elegans subsp. elegans
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Piperia elegans subsp. elegans
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Piperia elegans subsp. elegans
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Piperia elegans subsp. elegans
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Piperia elegans subsp. elegans in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Piperia elegans subsp. elegans:
NCo, w KR, NCoRO, CCo, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.