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Triglochin concinna var. concinna
SEASIDE ARROW-GRASS

Higher Taxonomy
Family: JuncaginaceaeView Description 

Common Name: ARROW-GRASS FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, rhizomed or dense-tufted, terrestrial or aquatic. Leaf: generally +- basal, alternate, +- flat to narrow-cylindric; sheath open, generally liguled. Inflorescence: spike or generally +- scapose raceme; bracts 0. Flower: generally bisexual; perianth parts generally 6 in 2 whorls (0, 1) [3, 4], free, scale-like, +- green or tinged +- red-purple; stamens 0, 1, 3, or 6, filaments short, +- fused to perianth; pistil 1, carpels 1, 6 [3, 4], +- fused, separating in fruit [or not], each with 1 chamber and 1 ovule or 3 carpels fertile, 3 sterile, placentas basal, stigmas generally +- sessile. Fruit: achene or generally mericarps.
Genera In Family: 3 genera, 30 species: temperate, circumboreal, Australia, southern Africa, South America. Note: Lilaea included in Triglochin.
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TriglochinView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ARROW-GRASS
Habit: Plant +- glabrous. Leaf: basal, +- tufted; sheath membranous; ligule tip entire to 2-lobed [0]. Flower: perianth parts generally adaxially concave; anthers +- sessile; stigma papillate or +- plumose. Fruit: achene or generally 3, 6 mericarps. Seed: 1, linear, +- flat or angled.
Species In Genus: +- 20 species: temperate, circumboreal, Australia, southern Africa, South America. Etymology: (Greek: 3 points, from fruits of some) Toxicity: TOXIC when fresh, from cyanogenic compounds.
Species: Triglochin concinnaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 1--6 dm, loose-tufted to mat-forming; rhizomes often creeping, +- slender. Leaf: 5--30 cm, generally 1--2 mm wide, +- round or semicircular in ×-section; ligule 0.5--1.5 mm, tip deep-2-lobed. Inflorescence: aerial raceme, >= leaves; pedicels 3--7 mm in fruit, ascending. Flower: perianth parts generally 6, 1--2 mm; stamens generally 6; fertile carpels 6. Fruit: mericarps 6, 3--6(7) mm, fully separating, abaxially smooth or weak-ridged.
Note: Some authors merge Triglochin concinna, Triglochin maritima, but plants of northern CCo very different in habit, stature, and grow together without intergrading. Some plants of interior may be more difficult to distinguish from Triglochin maritima, need study.

Triglochin concinna Burtt Davy var. concinna
NATIVE
Habit: Plant generally 1--3(4.5) dm. Inflorescence: generally >= leaves. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Coastal salt marshes; Elevation: < 10 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, CCo, SCo; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: David J. Keil
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Citation for this treatment: David J. Keil 2016. Triglochin concinna var. concinna, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=74018, accessed on December 07, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on December 07, 2016.


Triglochin concinna var. concinna
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Triglochin concinna var. concinna
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Triglochin concinna var. concinna
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Triglochin concinna var. concinna
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer
Triglochin concinna var. concinna
click for enlargement
© 2014 Neal Kramer

More photos of Triglochin concinna var. concinna in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Triglochin concinna var. concinna:
NCo, CCo, SCo;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.