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Luzula comosa var. comosa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: JuncaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: RUSH FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb generally from rhizomes. Stem: round or flat. Leaf: generally basal; sheath margins fused, or overlapping and generally with 2 ear-like extensions at blade junction; blade round, flat, or vestigial, glabrous or margin hairy. Inflorescence: head-like clusters or flowers 1, variously arranged; bracts subtending inflorescence 2, generally leaf-like; bracts subtending inflorescence branches 1--2, reduced; bractlets subtending flowers generally 1--2, generally translucent. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; sepals and petals similar, persistent, scale-like, green to brown or +- purple-black; stamens generally 3 or 6, anthers linear, persistent; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers generally 1 or 3, placentas 1 and basal or 3 and axile or parietal, stigmas generally > style. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: 3--many, generally with white appendages on 1 or both ends.
Genera In Family: 7 genera, 440 species: temperate, arctic, and tropical mountains. Note: Flowers late spring to early fall.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter F. Zika, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LuzulaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, cespitose or rhizomatous, rhizome ascending or vertical. Stem: cylindric. Leaf: generally basal, cauline few; blades linear, flat or channeled, margins and sheath opening, sparsely to densely long-soft-hairy. Inflorescence: panicles of 1--few flowers per branch, or head-like and cylindric to ovoid in dense to loose clusters; lower bract leaf-like or herbaceous at base, membranous distally, bractlets 1--3, margins generally ciliate. Flower: perianth parts 6, pale brown to +- black-brown; stamens 6; pistil 1, chamber 1, placenta basal. Fruit: capsule, opening with 3 valves. Seed: 3, elliptic to ovoid, ridged on 1 side, occasionally attached to placenta by tuft of hairs, generally with +- white appendage at tip.
Species In Genus: +- 115 species: worldwide. Etymology: (Latin: light; Italian: glow worm) Note: Measure unridged side of seeds; seed length measurement not including appendage.
eFlora Treatment Author: Jan Kirschner
Species: Luzula comosaView Description 

Habit: Cespitose, < 60 cm, rhizome short; stolons 0. Leaf: flat, ciliate, tip obtuse, thickened. Inflorescence: peduncled to congested, elongated clusters with basal flowers generally remote, lower part of clusters generally loose; lower bract herbaceous. Flower: perianth parts 2.5--4 mm, +- equal, lanceolate, acuminate, pale straw-brown to pale brown in age. Fruit: +- < perianth. Seed: seeds ovoid to narrowly ovoid; appendage 0.4--0.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=12,24.
Note: Occasionally misidentified as Luzula subsessilis. Plants from SnGb, SnBr, SnJt need further study.
Unabridged Note: Many literature records may belong to Luzula subsessilis, particularly those from the south. Very variable even when a complex of populations of Luzula subsessilis is excluded. It comprises two cytotypes, roughly corresponding to two varieties (nature of intermediates remains unknown).

Luzula comosa E. Mey. var. comosa
Habit: Plant 25--60 cm. Leaf: basal leaves 8--13 cm, 3.5--6 mm wide; cauline 3--4, 6--10 cm, 2--4.5 mm wide. Inflorescence: densely to loosely congested, 1.5--3 cm, +- 1--1.5 cm wide, +- 8--15-flowered, +- small-lobed, basal cluster generally remote or long-peduncled in axil of upper cauline leaf, distal clusters generally short-peduncled; lower bract 1.5--4.5 cm, > inflorescence. Flower: perianth parts 2.5--3.7 mm, pale straw-brown to +- brown in age; anthers 0.6--1 mm, filaments 0.5--0.6 mm, style 0.4--0.5 mm, stigma +- 1.3--1.8 mm. Fruit: valves +- 2.3--2.8 mm, 1.4--1.8 mm wide. Seed: ovoid, 1--1.2 mm, 0.8--0.9 mm wide; appendage +- 0.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=24.
Ecology: Meadows, open woodland, conifer forest; Elevation: generally < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SN, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska. Flowering Time: Jun--Jul
Synonyms: Luzula comosa var. congesta S. Watson;
eFlora Treatment Author: Jan Kirschner
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botanical illustration including Luzula comosa var. comosa


Citation for this treatment: Jan Kirschner 2012, Luzula comosa var. comosa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 24, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on September 24, 2018.

Geographic subdivisions for Luzula comosa var. comosa:
NW, SN, CCo, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.