Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: EmmenantheView Description 


Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (Greek: abiding flower, from persistent corolla)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Species: Emmenanthe pendulifloraView Description 

Common Name: WHISPERING BELLS
Habit: Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous. Stem: erect, 5--85 cm, branches 0--many. Leaf: basal and cauline, alternate; lower short-petioled, upper sessile, generally clasping, 1--12 cm, generally < 3 cm wide, toothed to deep-pinnate-lobed. Inflorescence: terminal; pedicels 5--15 mm, 12--25 mm in fruit, thread-like, +- subspreading to recurved. Flower: calyx lobes 4--11 mm, 1--4 mm wide, lanceolate to ovate, glandular; corolla 6--15 mm, bell-shaped, white, yellow, or pink, glandular-hairy, persistent in age, withering, papery, enclosing fruit; stamens included, generally equal, attached +- at same level; ovary chambers appearing 2, style included, 1--4 mm, lobes 2. Fruit: capsule, 7--10 mm, 2--4 mm wide, glandular. Seed: 6--15, flat, wide-elliptic, brown; surface honeycombed. Chromosomes: n=18.


Emmenanthe penduliflora Benth. var. penduliflora
NATIVE

Ecology: Chaparral to creosote-bush scrub, rocky, sandy, decomposed granite, serpentine soils; Elevation: < 2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCoRH, NCoRI, SNF, c&s SNH, SnJV, CW, SW, SNE, D; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, Arizona. Flowering Time: Apr--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Emmenanthe penduliflora
Next taxon: Emmenanthe penduliflora var. rosea

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2016. Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=72194, accessed on February 11, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 11, 2016.


Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Emmenanthe penduliflora var. penduliflora:
NCoRH, NCoRI, SNF, c&s SNH, SnJV, CW, SW, SNE, D;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.