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Vascular Plants of California
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Tiquilia canescens var. canescens


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: TiquiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to subshrub, variously hairy, glandular or not; +- taprooted, rhizome generally 0. Stem: prostrate. Leaf: cauline, generally clustered, evergreen, petioled, margin rolled under, entire or +- crenate. Inflorescence: +- axillary; flowers 1 or clustered, sessile. Flower: radial to +- bilateral; calyx lobes 5, not enlarged in fruit; corolla generally +- funnel-shaped, tube yellow in youth, appendages 0; style 2-lobed, stigmas 2. Fruit: nutlets 1--4, not separate to base, 4-grooved to deep-4-lobed, +- tubercled or not.
Species In Genus: 27 species: western hemisphere deserts. Etymology: (Native South American name for flower)
Unabridged Note: Separated from Coldenia of eastern hemisphere prior to TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Richardson 1977 Rhodora 79:467--572
Species: Tiquilia canescensView Description 


Common Name: SHRUBBY TIQUILIA
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, woody. Stem: branches alternate, many, hairs +- spreading. Leaf: occasionally clustered, white-tomentose; blade 5--13 mm, ovate to narrow-elliptic, veins obscure, margin entire, spiny-ciliate. Inflorescence: flowers 1 or clustered in leaf axils; bracts 0. Flower: calyx 3--5(6) mm, lobes 2/3--3/4 free; style short-exserted from calyx, branched < 1/3. Fruit: spheric, 4-grooved, not lobed; nutlets 2--2.5 mm, ovoid, minutely tubercled, hairy or not.

Tiquilia canescens (DC.) A.T. Richardson var. canescens
NATIVE
Flower: corolla 4--7.5 mm, limb 2.5--4.5 mm diam, lavender, pink, or white. Chromosomes: n=9.
Ecology: Slopes, ridges, occasionally washes; Elevation: 300--1525 m. Bioregional Distribution: se DMoj, DSon; Distribution Outside California: southwestern North America, Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley
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Botanical illustration including Tiquilia canescens var. canescens

botanical illustration including Tiquilia canescens var. canescens

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley 2012, Tiquilia canescens var. canescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=67184, accessed on October 13, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 13, 2019.

Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
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© 2017 Keir Morse
Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
click for enlargement
© 2017 Keir Morse
Tiquilia canescens var. canescens
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson

More photos of Tiquilia canescens var. canescens in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Tiquilia canescens var. canescens:
se DMoj, DSon
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map of distribution 1
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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.