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Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
SNOWBERRY

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CaprifoliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: HONEYSUCKLE FAMILY
Habit: Subshrub to small tree or vine. Leaf: opposite, simple or compound; stipules generally 0. Flower: calyx tube fused to ovary, limb generally 5-lobed; corolla radial or bilateral, rotate to cylindric, generally 5-lobed; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, alternate corolla lobes; ovary inferior, 1--5-chambered, style 1. Fruit: berry, drupe.
Genera In Family: 5 genera, 220 species: especially northern temperate. Note: Linnaea moved to Linnaeaceae; Sambucus and Viburnum to Adoxaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: Charles D. Bell, family description, key to genera
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: SymphoricarposView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: WAXBERRY, SNOWBERRY
Habit: Shrub. Stem: decumbent to erect, slender. Leaf: simple, deciduous, short-petioled; blade generally elliptic to round, some often +- lobed. Inflorescence: generally raceme, generally +- terminal, generally few-flowered; flower subtended by 2 fused bractlets. Flower: +- radial; hypanthium +- spheric; calyx with 5-toothed, persistent limb; corolla bell-shaped to +- salverform, generally 5-lobed, white or pink, often +- hairy inside; nectary glands [1]5, +- basal; stamens generally included; ovary chambers 4, styles generally included, stigma head-shaped. Fruit: drupe, generally berry-like, white to pink. Seed: 2 (1 per lateral ovary chamber), +- oblong, planoconvex.
Species In Genus: +- 10 species: North America, 1 in China. Etymology: (Greek: to bear fruit together, berries borne in clusters)
eFlora Treatment Author: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster

Symphoricarpos albus (L.) S.F. Blake var. laevigatus (Fernald) S.F. Blake
NATIVE
Habit: Plant erect, 6--18 dm, glabrous or puberulent. Stem: branches stiff, spreading; new shoots erect, unbranched, often with inflorescence and larger, more variable leaves. Leaf: blade generally 1--3 cm, to 6 cm on new shoots. Inflorescence: flowers 8--16. Flower: calyx limb +- spreading, divided 1/2; corolla 4--6 mm, bell-shaped, pink, swollen on 1 side, with 5 nectary glands within swelling, lobes +- 1/2 corolla, +- erect, lobes and upper throat +- densely hairy inside. Fruit: 8--12 mm, round. Seed: 4--5 mm.
Ecology: Shady woodland, streambanks, northern slopes; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, w edge CaR, n SNF, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, Montana; naturalized in eastern United States. Toxicity: Fruit may be TOXIC to humans. Flowering Time: May--Jul(Sep)
Synonyms: Symphoricarpos rivularis Suksd.
eFlora Treatment Author: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster
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botanical illustration including Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus

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Citation for this treatment: Charles D. Bell & Lauramay T. Dempster 2016. Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=66912, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 05, 2016.


Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
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© 2007 Neal Kramer
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse

More photos of Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Symphoricarpos albus var. laevigatus:
NW, w edge CaR, n SNF, CW, SW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.