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Romulea rosea var. australis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: IridaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: IRIS FAMILY
Habit: [(Annual), shrub], perennial herb generally from [bulb], corm, or rhizome. Stem: generally erect, generally +- round in ×-section. Leaf: generally basal (few cauline), 2-ranked, +- sword-shaped, blade edge-wise to stem, with midvein or not; bases overlapped, sheathing. Inflorescence: generally +- terminal; spikes, umbel-like cymes, or flowers 1; flowers in spikes or 1 subtended by 2 subopposite flower bracts; umbel-like cymes enclosed by 2 subopposite, generally large, leaf-like inflorescence bracts, including various flower bracts. Flower: bisexual (unisexual), radial, with stamens erect, enclosing style, or bilateral, with stamens, style to 1 side, stamens not enclosing style; perianth radial, parts free or generally fused into tube above ovary, generally petal-like, in 2 series of 3, outer +- like inner (or not, in Iris, parts in that genus called sepals, petals), upper +- like lower or not; stamens 3, attached at base of outer 3 perianth parts or in tube, generally free; ovary inferior [(superior)], [(1)]3-chambered, placentas axile [(parietal)], style 1, branches 3, entire to 2-branched, thread- or petal-like with stigma abaxial, proximal to tip. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal. Seed: few to many.
Genera In Family: +- 65 genera, +- 2050 species: worldwide, especially Africa; many cultivated (e.g., Crocus, Dietes, Freesia, Gladiolus, Iris, Sisyrinchium). Note: Gladiolus italicus Mill., Gladiolus tristis L. are urban weeds. Sparaxis grandiflora (D. Delaroche) Ker Gawl., Sparaxis tricolor (Schneev.) Ker Gawl. are waifs.
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: RomuleaView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb; corm rounded, generally asymmetric, cover +- woody, split at top into several teeth. Leaf: slender, +- round or widely elliptic in ×-section, generally 4-grooved. Inflorescence: flowers 1 on erect, basal peduncle, flower bracts green, generally with membranous margins, inner forked at tip. Flower: radial; perianth generally funnel-shaped, tube generally << lobes; style generally +- = stamens, branches deep-divided. Seed: many.
Species In Genus: +- 90 species: especially Africa, Mediterranean. Etymology: (Romulus, legendary co-founder of Rome)

Romulea rosea (L.) Eckl. var. australis (Ewart) M.P. de Vos
Habit: Plant generally < 10 cm. Leaf: 5--35 cm, 1--2.5 mm diam. Inflorescence: peduncle 5--15 cm; outer bract +- 15 mm, inner +- 10 mm. Flower: 1.5--2 cm; perianth tube yellow, lobes pink or lilac; style 7--10 mm, not exceeding stamens. Fruit: 10--15 mm, thin-walled; bracts persistent.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed areas, dry, sandy or often hard-packed soil; Elevation: < 50 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, ScV, CCo, SnFrB; Distribution Outside California: alien in Australia, elsewhere; native to southern Africa. Flowering Time: Mar--Apr
Synonyms: Romulea longifolia (Salisb.) Baker
eFlora Treatment Author: Peter Goldblatt
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Citation for this treatment: Peter Goldblatt 2016. Romulea rosea var. australis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Romulea rosea var. australis
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© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Romulea rosea var. australis
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© 2008 Neal Kramer
Romulea rosea var. australis
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Romulea rosea var. australis
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Romulea rosea var. australis
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© 2010 Neal Kramer
Romulea rosea var. australis
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© 2002 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Romulea rosea var. australis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Romulea rosea var. australis:
NCo, ScV, CCo, SnFrB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.