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Polygala cornuta var. fishiae

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygalaceaeView Description 

Habit: [Annual] perennial herb, subshrub, shrub [tree, vine]; hairs unbranched. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally +- entire; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle. Flower: bisexual, generally bilateral and +- pea-flower-like [or +- radial]; sepals 5, fused or not, lateral or inner pair generally larger and petal-like (called wings); petals 5[3], fused to stamen tube, [+- similar or] different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 2[0] lateral petals; stamens 3--10, +- fused, tube open at top; ovary chambers 1--8 with 1 ovule each, style 1 or 0. Fruit: capsule [drupe or nut; occasionally winged]. Seed: often with aril.
Genera In Family: 20 genera, 1000 species: especially tropics, subtropics few cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PolygalaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MILKWORT
Habit: Root odor generally wintergreen. Inflorescence: raceme or spike, occasionally grouped and panicle-like; cleistogamous flowers occasionally solitary. Flower: bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged; petals 3 or 5, keel petal generally with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 6--8, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; with nectary disk or gland; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule. Seed: fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on 1 end.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: tropics, temperate. Etymology: (Greek: much milk, some European species said to increase milk in cows)
Species: Polygala cornutaView Description 

Habit: Generally from rhizome. Leaf: 10--65 mm, linear to ovate. Flower: wings ciliate, glabrous to puberulent, cream or +- green to pink; keel petal beak 0.5--2.5 mm, entire, +- 0.2 mm diam near tip, dull rose to green when pollen shed. Fruit: 5.9--10 mm including stalk, dark yellow-brown. Seed: 4.5--7.3 mm including hairs; aril hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=18.

Polygala cornuta var. fishiae (Parry) Jeps.
Habit: Shrub, generally forming thickets < 2 m diam. Stem: decumbent to erect, 6--25 dm. Leaf: length > 2 × width. Flower: 7--11.2 mm; upper sepal generally rounded or obtuse, wings and at least outer sepals tips dark pink in bud, wings ciliate, glabrous or puberulent only near tip.
Ecology: Chaparral, oak woodland; Elevation: 90--1270 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCoRO, WTR, SnGb, PR; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Plants in southern SCoRO, WTR (Santa Ynez Mountains) with green-white flowers, wings puberulent, named Polygala cornuta var. pollardii Munz, Pollard's milkwort.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
Next taxon: Polygala heterorhyncha

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botanical illustration including Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt 2016. Polygala cornuta var. fishiae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
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© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
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© 2005 Michael Charters
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Polygala cornuta var. fishiae in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Polygala cornuta var. fishiae:
s SCoRO, WTR, SnGb, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.