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Polygala cornuta var. fishiae

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygalaceaeView Description 

Habit: [Annual] perennial herb, subshrub, shrub [tree, vine]; hairs unbranched. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally +- entire; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle. Flower: bisexual, generally bilateral and +- pea-flower-like [or +- radial]; sepals 5, fused or not, lateral or inner pair generally larger and petal-like (called wings); petals 5[3], fused to stamen tube, [+- similar or] different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 2[0] lateral petals; stamens 3--10, +- fused, tube open at top; ovary chambers 1--8 with 1 ovule each, style 1 or 0. Fruit: capsule [drupe or nut; occasionally winged]. Seed: often with aril.
Genera In Family: 20 genera, 1000 species: especially tropics, subtropics few cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PolygalaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MILKWORT
Habit: Root odor generally wintergreen. Inflorescence: raceme or spike, occasionally grouped and panicle-like; cleistogamous flowers occasionally solitary. Flower: bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged; petals 3 or 5, keel petal generally with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 6--8, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; with nectary disk or gland; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule. Seed: fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on 1 end.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: tropics, temperate. Etymology: (Greek: much milk, some European species said to increase milk in cows)
Species: Polygala cornutaView Description 

Habit: Generally from rhizome. Leaf: 10--65 mm, linear to ovate. Flower: wings ciliate, glabrous to puberulent, cream or +- green to pink; keel petal beak 0.5--2.5 mm, entire, +- 0.2 mm diam near tip, dull rose to green when pollen shed. Fruit: 5.9--10 mm including stalk, dark yellow-brown. Seed: 4.5--7.3 mm including hairs; aril hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=18.

Polygala cornuta var. fishiae (Parry) Jeps.
Habit: Shrub, generally forming thickets < 2 m diam. Stem: decumbent to erect, 6--25 dm. Leaf: length > 2 × width. Flower: 7--11.2 mm; upper sepal generally rounded or obtuse, wings and at least outer sepals tips dark pink in bud, wings ciliate, glabrous or puberulent only near tip.
Ecology: Chaparral, oak woodland; Elevation: 90--1270 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SCoRO, WTR, SnGb, PR; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Plants in southern SCoRO, WTR (Santa Ynez Mountains) with green-white flowers, wings puberulent, named Polygala cornuta var. pollardii Munz, Pollard's milkwort.
Unabridged Synonyms: Polygala cornuta subsp. fishiae (Parry) Munz
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
Next taxon: Polygala heterorhyncha

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botanical illustration including Polygala cornuta var. fishiae


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt 2017. Polygala cornuta var. fishiae, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on June 25, 2017.

Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
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© 2013 Keir Morse
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
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© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2005 Aaron Schusteff
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
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© 2005 Michael Charters
Polygala cornuta var. fishiae
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Polygala cornuta var. fishiae in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Polygala cornuta var. fishiae:
s SCoRO, WTR, SnGb, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.