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Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
SIERRA MILKWORT

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolygalaceaeView Description 

Common Name: MILKWORT FAMILY
Habit: [Annual] perennial herb, subshrub, shrub [tree, vine]; hairs unbranched. Leaf: simple, generally alternate (opposite or whorled); veins pinnate; margin generally +- entire; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or panicle. Flower: bisexual, generally bilateral and +- pea-flower-like [or +- radial]; sepals 5, fused or not, lateral or inner pair generally larger and petal-like (called wings); petals 5[3], fused to stamen tube, [+- similar or] different with 1 lower keel petal, 2 strap-like upper petals, and 2[0] lateral petals; stamens 3--10, +- fused, tube open at top; ovary chambers 1--8 with 1 ovule each, style 1 or 0. Fruit: capsule [drupe or nut; occasionally winged]. Seed: often with aril.
Genera In Family: 20 genera, 1000 species: especially tropics, subtropics few cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: PolygalaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MILKWORT
Habit: Root odor generally wintergreen. Inflorescence: raceme or spike, occasionally grouped and panicle-like; cleistogamous flowers occasionally solitary. Flower: bilateral; lateral 2 sepals enlarged; petals 3 or 5, keel petal generally with cylindric beak or fringed crest at tip; stamens 6--8, anthers dehiscent at tip, appearing 1-chambered; with nectary disk or gland; ovary chambers 2, stigma 2-lobed. Fruit: capsule. Seed: fusiform or ovoid, black, generally hairy, generally with prominent white aril on 1 end.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: tropics, temperate. Etymology: (Greek: much milk, some European species said to increase milk in cows)
Species: Polygala cornutaView Description 

Habit: Generally from rhizome. Leaf: 10--65 mm, linear to ovate. Flower: wings ciliate, glabrous to puberulent, cream or +- green to pink; keel petal beak 0.5--2.5 mm, entire, +- 0.2 mm diam near tip, dull rose to green when pollen shed. Fruit: 5.9--10 mm including stalk, dark yellow-brown. Seed: 4.5--7.3 mm including hairs; aril hairy. Chromosomes: 2n=18.


Polygala cornuta Kellogg var. cornuta
NATIVE
Habit: Subshrub. Stem: prostrate to erect, 1--10 dm. Leaf: length generally +- 2 × width. Flower: 8.5--14 mm; upper sepal generally acute or acuminate, outer sepals and wings cream or +- green to pink in bud, wings densely puberulent.
Ecology: Moist to dry, open areas in chaparral, woodland, conifer forest, occasionally on serpentine; Elevation: 150--1830 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR, n&c SN, s SNH (uncommon), w MP. Flowering Time: May--Sep Note: A population in Mariposa Co. has glabrous flowers.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt
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Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Thomas L. Wendt 2016. Polygala cornuta var. cornuta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=64097, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2008 George W. Hartwell
Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2015 Steve Matson
Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Polygala cornuta var. cornuta
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Polygala cornuta var. cornuta in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Polygala cornuta var. cornuta:
KR, CaR, n&c SN, s SNH (uncommon), w MP.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.