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|Family: Phytolaccaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Phytolacca||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species:||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Phytolacca americana L. var. americana
Habit: Plant to 3(7) m. Leaf: blade 8--35 cm, 3--18 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate; petiole 1--6 cm. Inflorescence: +- open raceme, spreading to generally drooping, (10)12--30 cm; peduncle to 15 cm; pedicel 3--13 mm. Flower: sepals +- equal, 2.5--3.3 mm, ovate to +- round, +- white to +- pink; stamens 10, generally in 1 whorl; carpels 6--12, fused at least in basal 1/2. Fruit: 6--11 mm diam, purple-black. Seed: 2.5--3 mm, lenticular, black, shiny. Chromosomes: 2n=36.
Ecology: Uncommon. Disturbed areas, roadsides; Elevation: generally < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP; Distribution Outside California: native to eastern United States. Flowering Time: Summer--fall
Unabridged Note: Intermediates in eastern United States between Phytolacca americana L. var. americana --- pedicels in fruit > 6 mm, > fruit; inflorescence spreading to generally drooping, (10)12--30 cm; widespread, including California --- and Phytolacca americana L. var. rigida (Small) Caulkins & R.W. Wyatt --- pedicels in fruit < 6(7) mm, < fruit; inflorescence erect, 6--9(13.5) cm; Virginia to Texas; various plant parts sources of dye, food, medicine, yet poisonous to humans, other animals when ingested without careful, experienced preparation.
eFlora Treatment Author: John W. Thieret, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti
Jepson Online Interchange
Weed listed by Cal-IPC
Previous taxon: Phytolacca
Next taxon: Phytolacca heterotepala
Citation for this treatment: John W. Thieret, final revision by Thomas J. Rosatti 2016. Phytolacca americana var. americana, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=63756, accessed on August 25, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 25, 2016.