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Phacelia hastata var. hastata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: PhaceliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glandular-hairy, taprooted or from +- thick caudex. Leaf: generally cauline, generally alternate, simple to 2-pinnately compound, generally +- reduced upward. Inflorescence: cyme, generally dense, coiled, generally 1-sided; pedicels generally <= 5 mm, generally straight. Flower: sepals generally 5, generally fused at base, generally equal, generally +- alike, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, at least some persistent and withering in fruit in some species, rotate to tubular or bell- or funnel-shaped, +- white, blue, purple, pink or yellow, tube and throat not always clearly differentiated, generally glabrous inside, scales of tube base 0 or free from or fused to filament bases, generally white, nectary gland on petal midvein generally 0, each petal with generally 0, sometimes 2--many translucent areas, 2 or 4 of which parallel; stamens generally attached at same level, generally equal, generally exserted, bases generally not wider, with 2 or generally 0 wings, filaments generally white, pollen generally tan; ovary chamber 1, sometimes appearing as 2 due to intrusion of the 2 placentas, placentas parietal, enlarging and meeting in fruit, style 2-lobed, generally hairy proximal to lobes, disk proximal to ovary generally inconspicuous. Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric, generally rounded at base, generally beaked. Seed: 1--many (number sometimes due to ovule abortion), oblong to spheric, generally brown; abaxially generally pitted or cross-furrowed.
Species In Genus: +- 210 species: America; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: cluster, from dense inflorescence) Toxicity: Dermatitis caused by contact with hairs, especially glandular, of P. campanularia, P. crenulata, P. ixodes, P. minor, P. parryi, P. pedicellata (Reynolds et al. 1986 Contact Dermatitis 14:39--44). Note: Some California per species intergrade, hybridize, difficult to distinguish. Phacelia ixodes Kellogg, included in TJM (1993), not known from California. Since TJM2, Phacelia dalesiana J.T. Howell transferred to Howellanthus as Howellanthus dalesianus (J.T. Howell) Walden & R. Patt. Regarding indument in this treatment: minute (for e.g., puberulent) < 0.2 mm; short = 0.2--2 mm; long > 2 mm.
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
Species: Phacelia hastataView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 5--50 cm. Stem: not glandular (sparsely glandular distally). Leaf: mostly basal; blade 15--120 mm, <= petiole, lanceolate to widely elliptic, generally entire (or 2--4-lobed or compound with 3--5 leaflets), veins of basal leaves prominent. Flower: calyx lobes 3--7 mm, 5--9 mm in fruit, linear to lanceolate; corolla 4--7 mm, urn- to bell-shaped, white or lavender, scales fused to filament bases, oblong; stamens 6--10 mm, glabrous or hairy; style 7--10 mm, cleft 1/2, glabrous. Fruit: 2--4 mm, ovoid, stiff-hairy. Seed: 1--3, 1.5--2.5 mm, pitted in +- longitudinal rows.
Note: Varieties intergrade.
Unabridged Note: 1 other var., Phacelia hastata Douglas ex Lehm. var. charlestonensis Cronquist, in Nevada.

Phacelia hastata NULL var. hastata
Stem: ascending to +- erect, 20--50 cm, hairs mostly +- appressed, some stiff, spreading, stem generally not glandular. Flower: calyx lobes generally not glandular. Chromosomes: n=11,22.
Ecology: Sandy to rocky slopes, scrub, conifer forest; Elevation: 380--3100 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, GB; Distribution Outside California: to western Canada, South Dakota, Colorado. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Phacelia hastata subsp. hastata; Phacelia oreopola subsp. simulans Heckard; Phacelia alpina Rydb.; Phacelia biennis A. Nelson; Phacelia burkei Rydb.; Phacelia canescens Nutt.; Phacelia leucophylla Torr.; Phacelia nervosa Rydb.; Phacelia circinata Jacq. var. integrifolia Kuntze; Phacelia hastata var. alpina (Rydb.) Cronquist; Phacelia hastata var. leucophylla (Torr.) Cronquist; Phacelia heterophylla Pursh var. alpina A. Nelson; Phacelia leucophylla Torr. var. alpina Dundas; Phacelia leucophylla Torr. var. suksdorfii J.F. Macbr.; Phacelia magellanica (Lam.) Coville var. integrifolia (Kuntze) Kuntze; Phacelia sericea (Graham) A. Gray var. biennis Brand
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
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Citation for this treatment: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen 2017. Phacelia hastata var. hastata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, Revision 1,, accessed on August 17, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on August 17, 2017.

Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2006 Steve Matson
Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2017 Keir Morse
Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2015 Neal Kramer
Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2017 Keir Morse
Phacelia hastata var. hastata
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© 2005 Christopher L. Christie

More photos of Phacelia hastata var. hastata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Phacelia hastata var. hastata:
KR, CaRH, SNH, SnBr, GB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.