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Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: PhaceliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glandular-hairy, taprooted or from +- thick caudex. Leaf: generally cauline, generally alternate, simple to 2-pinnately compound, generally +- reduced upward. Inflorescence: cyme, generally dense, coiled, generally 1-sided; pedicels generally <= 5 mm, generally straight. Flower: sepals generally 5, generally fused at base, generally equal, generally +- alike, generally persistent, enlarging in fruit; corolla generally deciduous, at least some persistent and withering in fruit in some species, rotate to tubular or bell- or funnel-shaped, +- white, blue, purple, pink or yellow, tube and throat not always clearly differentiated, generally glabrous inside, scales of tube base 0 or free from or fused to filament bases, generally white, nectary gland on petal midvein generally 0, each petal with generally 0, sometimes 2--many translucent areas, 2 or 4 of which parallel; stamens generally attached at same level, generally equal, generally exserted, bases generally not wider, with 2 or generally 0 wings, filaments generally white, pollen generally tan; ovary chamber 1, sometimes appearing as 2 due to intrusion of the 2 placentas, placentas parietal, enlarging and meeting in fruit, style 2-lobed, generally hairy proximal to lobes, disk proximal to ovary generally inconspicuous. Fruit: capsule, oblong to spheric, generally rounded at base, generally beaked. Seed: 1--many (number sometimes due to ovule abortion), oblong to spheric, generally brown; abaxially generally pitted or cross-furrowed.
Species In Genus: +- 210 species: America; some cultivated for ornamental. Etymology: (Greek: cluster, from dense inflorescence) Toxicity: Dermatitis caused by contact with hairs, especially glandular, of P. campanularia, P. crenulata, P. ixodes, P. minor, P. parryi, P. pedicellata (Reynolds et al. 1986 Contact Dermatitis 14:39--44). Note: Some California per species intergrade, hybridize, difficult to distinguish. Phacelia ixodes Kellogg, included in TJM (1993), not known from California. Since TJM2, Phacelia dalesiana J.T. Howell transferred to Howellanthus as Howellanthus dalesianus (J.T. Howell) Walden & R. Patt. Regarding indument in this treatment: minute (for e.g., puberulent) < 0.2 mm; short = 0.2--2 mm; long > 2 mm.
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
Species: Phacelia crenulataView Description 

Habit: Annual 7--80 cm, aromatic. Stem: generally erect, 0--few-branched at base, stiff-hairy, glandular. Leaf: 20--80(120) mm, abruptly reduced distal to stem base; blade > petiole, oblong to elliptic, crenate to deeply lobed. Flower: calyx lobes 2.5--5 mm, 3--6 mm in fruit, oblong, puberulent to short-hairy, glandular; corolla bell-shaped, tube white, throat white to purple, scales fused to filament bases, crescent-shaped to oblong; stamens 10--15 mm, glabrous, filaments purple; style 12--15 mm, cleft 1/2--3/4, minutely glandular proximal to lobes. Fruit: 2.5--4 mm, ovoid to spheric, puberulent. Seed: generally 4, 2--3.5 mm; abaxial surface finely pitted; adaxial surface with central ridge separating 2 longitudinal grooves, ridge corrugated along 1 side.
Note: Varieties in California intergrade.
Unabridged Note: Phacelia crenulata Torr. ex S. Watson var. angustifolia N.D. Atwood in Utah, Arizona.

Phacelia crenulata S. Watson var. crenulata
NATIVE
Stem: generally stiff-glandular-hairy throughout. Flower: calyx lobes 2.5--4 mm, 3.5--5.5 mm in fruit; corolla 4.5--7 mm, lobes purple; stamens 10--15 mm, exserted 3.5--11 mm; style 12--15 mm, exserted 3.5--11 mm, cleft 3/4. Fruit: 2.5--4 mm, ovoid. Seed: margin corrugated. Chromosomes: n=11.
Ecology: Sandy to gravelly washes, slopes; Elevation: < 2450 m. Bioregional Distribution: se MP, SNE, e DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to Utah. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Synonyms: Phacelia crenulata var. funerea J.W. Voss ex Munz
eFlora Treatment Author: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen
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Citation for this treatment: Genevieve K. Walden, Robert Patterson, Laura M. Garrison & Debra R. Hansen 2016. Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata, Revision 1, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=63402, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 03, 2016.


Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2010 Steve Matson
Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Phacelia crenulata var. crenulata:
se MP, SNE, e DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.