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Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: NemophilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: simple to branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly (prickly). Leaf: cauline, lower generally opposite, upper opposite or alternate, generally reduced; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnate-toothed or -lobed, generally bristly. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved. Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, spotted or marked or not; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally 1/3--1/2 forked. Fruit: generally 2--7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx. Seed: ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southeastern United States, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Species: Nemophila parvifloraView Description 

Stem: glabrous or soft- to bristly-hairy. Leaf: lower cut or lobes shallow, dissimilar, merging or not stalked; upper opposite or alternate. Inflorescence: pedicels 2--15 mm, < 30 mm in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes 1--3 mm, appendages < 1 mm in fruit; corolla 2--4 mm, 1--5 mm wide, bell-shaped, white or blue, tube >= filaments; style < 2 mm. Seed: 2--4, yellow to brick-red, smooth but shallow-pitted. Chromosomes: n=9.

Nemophila parviflora Douglas ex Benth. var. parviflora
Stem: +- glabrous to bristly. Leaf: upper alternate, generally sessile, 1--4 cm, asymmetric, blade base truncate or cordate, lobes generally 5, deep, generally acute, entire to toothed, upper 3 +- merging or not. Flower: corolla 1--5 mm wide.
Ecology: Woodland, forest, roadsides, slopes; Elevation: < 1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CW; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
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Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2017. Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 23, 2017.

Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2008 Keir Morse
Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Neal Kramer
Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse

More photos of Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nemophila parviflora var. parviflora:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.