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Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: NemophilaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: simple to branched, prostrate to erect, fleshy, brittle, angled or winged, glabrous to generally bristly (prickly). Leaf: cauline, lower generally opposite, upper opposite or alternate, generally reduced; petiole generally bristly-ciliate; blade pinnate-toothed or -lobed, generally bristly. Inflorescence: flowers 1 in leaf axils or opposite leaves; pedicels longer in fruit, recurved. Flower: calyx bell-shaped to rotate, sinuses generally with spreading or reflexed appendages; corolla bell-shaped to rotate, white, blue, or purple, spotted or marked or not; stamens included; ovary chamber 1, style 1, generally 1/3--1/2 forked. Fruit: generally 2--7 mm wide, spheric to ovoid, hairy, generally enclosed by calyx. Seed: ovoid, smooth, wrinkled or pitted, with a conic, colorless appendage at 1 end.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southeastern United States, western North America. Etymology: (Greek: woodland-loving)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Species: Nemophila menziesiiView Description 

Leaf: opposite; lower 1--5 cm, blade = petiole, linear-oblong to ovate, lobes 5--13, obtuse, entire or 1--3-toothed; upper +- sessile, entire, toothed, or less lobed than lower. Inflorescence: pedicels 20--60 mm, < 70 mm in fruit. Flower: calyx lobes 4--8 mm, appendages 1--4 mm in fruit; corolla 5--20 mm, 6--40 mm wide, bowl-shaped to rotate, bright blue with white center to white, generally blue-veined, black-dotted, tube <= filaments; anthers 2--3 mm; style 2--7 mm. Fruit: 5--15 mm wide. Seed: 4--20, brown to black, wrinkled, tubercled. Chromosomes: n=9.
Note: Highly variable; varieties intergrade.

Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia Parish
Leaf: lower 5--7-lobed, upper sessile, diamond-shaped, oblong, or oblanceolate, entire to shallowly few-toothed. Flower: corolla 5--10 mm, 6--15 mm wide, generally rotate, blue, black-dotted at center or blue-veined, tube < filaments. Seed: 4--10.
Ecology: Grassland, canyons, woodland, burns, slopes; Elevation: 100--1900 m. Bioregional Distribution: n SNH, SnJV, CCo, SCoR, SW, SNE, DMoj; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Jan--Jul
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
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Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2016. Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 25, 2016.

Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Neal Kramer
Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia
click for enlargement
© 2008 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Nemophila menziesii var. integrifolia:
n SNH, SnJV, CCo, SCoR, SW, SNE, DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.