Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Menodora scabra var. glabrescens


Higher Taxonomy
Family: OleaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: OLIVE FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb to tree [vine], hairs 0 or peltate or not; rarely dioecious. Leaf: simple to odd-pinnately compound, alternate or generally opposite, deciduous or evergreen; stipules 0. Inflorescence: various; flowers >= 1. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial; calyx generally minute (0), tube cup-shaped, lobes 4--15; petals (0)4--6(8), generally fused; nectar disk often present; stamens (0)2(4--5), epipetalous; pistil 1, ovary superior, chambers 2, each 2--4 ovuled, placenta axile, style 1, stigma generally 2-lobed. Fruit: drupe, capsule, or winged achene. Seed: 1 per chamber.
Genera In Family: +- 25 genera, 900 species: +- worldwide; some cultivated for ornamental (Forsythia; Jasminum, jasmine; Ligustrum, privet; Syringa, lilac) or food (Olea, olive).
eFlora Treatment Author: Family description, key to genera by Thomas J. Rosatti; treatment of genera by James Henrickson, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: MenodoraView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, sessile or short-petioled, entire to lobed, prominently 1-veined below. Inflorescence: axillary cluster or terminal compound cyme. Flower: bisexual; calyx persistent, lobes (4)5--10(12), +- linear; corolla +- rotate or funnel-shaped, lobes (4)5(8); style slender, stigma head-like, +- 2-lobed. Fruit: papery capsule, deeply 2-lobed to near base. Seed: 2--4[8].
Species In Genus: +- 23 species: America, southern Africa. Etymology: (Greek: gift of force, for sustenance provided to horses of Humboldt and Bonpland in Mexico)
eFlora Treatment Author: Timothy Chumley
Reference: Chumley 2007 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ Texas, Austin
Unabridged Reference: Turner 1991 Phytologia 712:340--356; Steyermark 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:87--176
Species: Menodora scabraView Description 

Common Name: ROUGH MENODORA
Habit: Perennial herb to subshrub, broom-like, (1.5)2--4(5) dm. Stem: 2--many from woody base, ascending to erect, angled in ×-section, +- glabrous to densely scabrous, unarmed. Leaf: basal-most 2--4 nodes opposite, becoming alternate distally, grading into alternate leaf-like bracts in inflorescence, sessile or +- petioled, (3)10--45(60) mm, linear to ovate or obovate, +- glabrous to scabrous. Inflorescence: terminal, compound cyme. Flower: calyx generally densely scabrous, lobes (4)5--10(12), (1)2.6--5(10) mm, linear; corolla opening in evening, often scented, yellow, generally red in bud, tube 3--6 mm, lobes (4)5--6, (4)5--8(10) mm, oblong or obovate; anthers yellow; stigma exserted. Fruit: circumscissile, (4)5--7(8) mm, glabrous. Seed: generally 4, 4--6 mm, obovate, generally 3-sided in ×-section, spongy; seed coat deeply netted. Chromosomes: 2n=22,44.

Menodora scabra var. glabrescens A. Gray
NATIVE
Habit: Generally > 30 cm. Stem: 3--5 dm, straight, erect, +- glabrous except axils generally +- bristly; branching distally generally only in inflorescence. Leaf: linear to lance-linear, > 5 × longer than wide, generally < 2/3 internode, reduced in size approaching inflorescence, +- glabrous. Flower: calyx lobes 5--7(10).
Ecology: Rocky or sandy soils, desert scrub, woodland; Elevation: (400)700--2400 m. Bioregional Distribution: e PR, e&s DMoj, w DSon; Distribution Outside California: Arizona, Mexico. Flowering Time: May--Jun
Synonyms: Menodora scoparia A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Timothy Chumley
Reference: Chumley 2007 Ph.D. Dissertation, Univ Texas, Austin
Unabridged Reference: Turner 1991 Phytologia 712:340--356; Steyermark 1932 Ann Missouri Bot Gard 19:87--176
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Menodora scabra
Next taxon: Menodora scabra var. scabra

Name Search

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Timothy Chumley 2012, Menodora scabra var. glabrescens, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=61835, accessed on June 24, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on June 24, 2019.

Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2010 Aaron Schusteff
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2004 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Menodora scabra var. glabrescens
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre

More photos of Menodora scabra var. glabrescens in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Menodora scabra var. glabrescens:
e PR, e&s DMoj, w DSon
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.