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Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda
WHITE BOG ADDER'S-MOUTH

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrchidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ORCHID FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, terrestrial [growing on other pls], non-green (nutrition from association of roots with fungi) or green, generally from rhizomes or tubers with few to many fleshy to slender roots; cauline leaves +- reduced to sheathing stem bracts or not. Leaf: 1--many, basal to cauline, linear to +- round, alternate to opposite (if only 1 pair), generally sessile. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many, spike or raceme, bracted. Flower: bisexual, bilateral, in bud generally rotating 180° by twisting ovary (position of parts indicated after twisting); sepals generally 3, generally free, generally petal-like, uppermost generally erect, lateral with chin- or spur-like projection (mentum) or not; petals 3, 1 (lip) different, spurred or not; stamens generally 1 (3 in Cypripedium, 2 functional, 1 a staminode), fused with style, stigma into column, pollen generally lumped, generally removed as unit by insect; ovary inferior, 1-chambered, placentas 3, parietal, stigma 3 lobed, generally under column tip. Fruit: capsule. Seed: many, minute.
Genera In Family: +- 800 genera, +- 25000 species: especially tropics (worldwide except Antarctica). Many cultivated for ornamental, especially Cattleya, Cymbidium, Epidendrum, Oncidium, Paphiopedilum; Vanilla planifolia Andrews fruits used to flavor food. Note: Platanthera may be paraphyletic without inclusion of Piperia (Bateman et al. 2009 Ann Bot 104:431--445); study needed.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald A. Coleman, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: MalaxisView Description 

Habit: Caudex short, slender to bulb-like; rhizome 0. Leaf: +- basal, 1(2[5]), sheathing. Inflorescence: raceme [spike]; bracts << flowers. Flower: lower sepals free [basally united], spreading to ascending, generally green; lateral petals generally narrower than sepals, spreading to erect, lip spreading to +- pendent; column generally > petals, oblong to triangular, generally concave. Fruit: spreading to erect.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: worldwide (except Africa). Etymology: (Greek: soft, from leaves)

Malaxis monophyllos (L.) Sw. var. brachypoda (A. Gray) F. Morris & E.A. Eames
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 10--15 cm; caudex bulb-like. Leaf: 4--5.5 cm, wide-lanceolate to ovate, sheath 2--3 cm. Inflorescence: 2--6 cm, open; pedicels < 1.5 mm. Flower: green to yellow; sepals 1--2 mm, narrow-lanceolate; lateral petals +- = lip, linear, +- curved behind flower, lip 1.5--3 mm, triangular, base cordate, tip beak-like; column < 1 mm. Fruit: 3.5--5.5 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=28.
Ecology: Wet meadows, shaded places, conifer forest; Elevation: 2200--2800 m. Bioregional Distribution: SnBr (presumed extinct SnJt); Distribution Outside California: to Alaska, northeastern North America; also Colorado. Flowering Time: Jul--Aug
Synonyms: Malaxis brachypoda (A. Gray) Fernald; Malaxis monophyllos subsp. brachypoda (A. Gray) Á. Löve & D. Löve
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald A. Coleman, Dieter H. Wilken & William F. Jennings 2016. Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=61717, accessed on February 09, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 09, 2016.


Geographic subdivisions for Malaxis monophyllos var. brachypoda:
SnBr (presumed extinct SnJt);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.