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Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon

Higher Taxonomy
Family: MontiaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: MINER'S LETTUCE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb; generally fleshy. Stem: 1--many, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, alternate or opposite. Inflorescence: axillary or terminal; cyme, raceme, panicle, umbel, or flower 1. Flower: bisexual, radial; sepals generally 2(9), free; petals (1)2--19, free or +- fused; stamens 1--many, epipetalous or not, anthers pink, rose, or yellow; ovary superior, chamber 1, ovules 1--many, placenta basal or free-central; styles (0)1--8, generally fused at base, branched. Fruit: capsule, circumscissile or 2--3-valved. Seed: 1--many, shiny or +- pebbly or sculptured, black or gray, generally with oil-filled appendage as food for ants.
Genera In Family: +- 22 genera, +- 230 species: generally temperate America, Asia, Australia, Europe, Kerguelen Is, New Zealand, southern Africa, poorly represented in Europe; some cultivated (Lewisia, Calandrinia). Note: All CA genera previously included in Portulacaceae; details of flowers, seeds require 20× magnification.
Unabridged Note: May include Hectorellaceae.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LewisiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb generally from short, thick, +- branched taproot; tuberous root generally 0 (or spheric). Stem: prostrate to erect, scape-like or branched. Leaf: generally in basal rosette and cauline, simple, entire or not; base wide; margin generally +- translucent. Inflorescence: +- scapose; cyme, panicle, raceme, or +- umbel; stems 1--many, generally leafless but bracted, disjointing in age or not, 1--many flowered; pedicel 0--30 mm. Flower: sepals 2--8, free, persistent; petals 4--19, white, cream, yellow, orange, pink, rose, purple, overlapped in bud, often with pink or dark purple veins; stamens 1--50; styles 2--8, fused at base, stigmas 2--8, thread-like. Fruit: 6--9 mm, spheric or ovoid, circumscissile near middle or below, translucent. Seed: 1--50, dark, generally shiny, smooth or finely tubercled, 1--4 mm in size.
Species In Genus: 18 species: western North America, 16 in flora. Etymology: (Captain Meriwether Lewis, of Lewis & Clark Expedition, 1774--1809) Note: Many hybrids, cultivated, including Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in California; Lewisia columbiana (A. Gray) B.L. Rob. not in California.
Unabridged Note: Many hybrids, cultivars (Mathew 1989), including Lewisia ×whiteae Purdy in California, as well as Lewisia columbiana (Howell ex A. Gray) B.L. Rob. from Douglas Co., Oregon north to British Columbia; Lewisia maguirei A.H. Holmgren endemic to Nevada; Lewisia sacajaweana B.L. Wilson & E. Rey-Vizgirdas restricted to Idaho; Lewisia tweedyi, endemic to northern Cascades of Washington, British Columbia now placed in Cistanthe.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster
Species: Lewisia cotyledonView Description 

Common Name: CLIFF MAIDS
Leaf: many, rosetted, 3--14 cm, ovate or spoon-shaped, fleshy, entire or not, tapered to base, tip rounded. Inflorescence: stems generally 1--6, 10--30 cm, each with a +- flat-topped, 12--many-flowered cyme, +- umbel, or panicle; flowers exserted from leaves; bracts at each flower node, gland-toothed; pedicels generally < flowers. Flower: sepals 2, +- 1/3 × corolla, round or truncate, margin gland-toothed; petals 5--13, (8)10--20 mm, oblanceolate or obovate, generally pink-purple with pale and darker stripes, less often white, cream with pink-orange stripes, yellow, or orange, tip +- notched; stamens 5--12; stigmas 2--4. Fruit: 3--5 mm. Seed: 4--15, 1.5 mm. Chromosomes: n=14.
Note: Hybrids with Lewisia leeana are Lewisia ×whiteae.

Lewisia cotyledon (S. Watson) B.L. Rob. var. cotyledon
NATIVE
Leaf: margin +- entire. Flower: petals (8)12--14 mm.
Ecology: Crevices in cliffs or pavement of granite, serpentine, metamorphics, alpine slopes, subalpine forest; Elevation: 300--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Lewisia cotyledon var. purdyi Jeps.; Lewisia finchiae Purdy; Lewisia purdyi (Jeps.) Gabrielson
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster
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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Lauramay T. Dempster 2016. Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=60811, accessed on July 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on July 27, 2016.


Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Lewisia cotyledon var. cotyledon:
KR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.