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Horkelia fusca var. parviflora

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: HorkeliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb, generally +- glandular, generally resinous-smelling; caudex generally branched. Stem: generally ascending to erect. Leaf: generally basal, odd-1-pinnately compound, generally +- flat; cauline alternate, reduced upward; leaflets 2--15 per side, uppermost lateral generally +- fused with terminal. Inflorescence: cyme; pedicels generally straight, bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium cup-like, +- flat-bottomed, width +- 2 × length, bractlets 5, generally 2/3 sepals; sepals often reflexed; petals generally +- = sepal, blunt, white; stamens 10, filaments +- flat, often forming a tube; pistils 2--many, ovary superior, style attached below fruit tip, +- thicker at base. Fruit: achene.
Species In Genus: 20 species: western North America. Etymology: (J. Horkel, German plant physiologist, 1769--1846) Note: Many attractive to bees; data apply to basal leaves, pressed hypanthia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
Species: Horkelia fuscaView Description 

Habit: Plant generally tufted (+- matted), green to +- gray. Stem: generally 10--60 cm. Leaf: stipules entire. Inflorescence: clusters 1--several, generally +- head-like; pedicels generally 1--3 mm. Flower: hypanthium width generally 2--3.5 mm, +- 1--2 × length, bractlets < 0.5 mm wide, linear; sepals generally 2--3 mm; petals +- wedge-shaped; filament base 0.2--1 mm wide; pistils generally 10--20.

Unabridged Note: Other varieties in Oregon, Washington.

Horkelia fusca var. parviflora (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) Wawra
NATIVE
Leaf: generally 4--15 cm; leaflets generally 4--8 per side, separated, generally 5--15 mm, wedge-shaped to round, +- 5-toothed 1/4--1/2 to base, hairs sparse to dense, green. Inflorescence: clusters generally 5--20-flowered. Flower: petals 2--4 mm; filaments 0.2--1 mm, generally longer than wide, anthers +- 0.4 mm; style +- 1 mm. Fruit: +- 1.2 mm. Chromosomes: n=14.
Ecology: Dry meadow edges, open forest, volcanic or granitic soils; Elevation: 1400--3300 m. Bioregional Distribution: e KR, SNH, n SNE; Distribution Outside California: to Oregon, Wyoming. Flowering Time: Jun--Sep Note: Plants in KR/Oregon, ID/Wyoming probably distinct.
Synonyms: Horkelia fusca subsp. parviflora (Nutt. ex Hook. & Arn.) D.D. Keck
eFlora Treatment Author: Barbara Ertter
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botanical illustration including Horkelia fusca var. parviflora

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Citation for this treatment: Barbara Ertter 2016. Horkelia fusca var. parviflora, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=60066, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Steve Matson
Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Steve Matson
Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Steve Matson
Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Horkelia fusca var. parviflora
click for enlargement
© 2007 Steve Matson

More photos of Horkelia fusca var. parviflora in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Horkelia fusca var. parviflora:
e KR, SNH, n SNE;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.