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Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
PRAIRIE-SMOKE

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GeumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from thick caudex or elongate rhizome. Stem: ascending to erect, generally hairy. Leaf: generally basal, generally odd-1-pinnately compound, upper cauline simple or not; leaflets lobed, alternately large, small, teeth uneven. Inflorescence: generally cyme, open; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets generally 5; stamens > 20; pistils many, ovary superior, continuous to style. Fruit: achene, ovoid to fusiform, +- flat; style elongated, persistent.
Species In Genus: 40--50 species: generally northern temperate, arctic. Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
eFlora Treatment Author: Joseph R. Rohrer

Geum triflorum Pursh var. ciliatum (Pursh) Fassett
NATIVE
Habit: Plant in patches, rhizomed, +- gray-green. Stem: generally 10--50 cm. Leaf: 4--30 cm; leaflets wedge-shaped, generally 2--3-lobed > 1/2 to base, lobes deeply few-toothed, main leaflets 3--9 per side, largest 1--3 cm, +- = terminal. Inflorescence: (1)3--5(7)-flowered; pedicels tomentose, occasionally glandular. Flower: +- cup-shaped, nodding; hypanthium bractlets 5--15 mm, linear-oblanceolate, outcurved; sepals erect, 6--14 mm, maroon, purple, or +- green and purple-tinged; petals erect, 7--13 mm, +- elliptic, cream to pale yellow, pink-tinged or purple-veined, persistent. Fruit: body 2.5--5 mm; style 15--40 mm below tardily deciduous tip, not or inconspicuously hooked, plumose. Chromosomes: 2n=42.
Ecology: Dry meadow edges, sagebrush scrub, open yellow-pine forest; Elevation: 1300--3200 m. Bioregional Distribution: c KR (Marble Mtns), CaRH, n&c SNH, GB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Colorado. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Geum canescens (Greene) Munz; Geum ciliatum Pursh; Geum triflorum var. canescens (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi
eFlora Treatment Author: Joseph R. Rohrer
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botanical illustration including Geum triflorum var. ciliatum

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Citation for this treatment: Joseph R. Rohrer 2016. Geum triflorum var. ciliatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=59536, accessed on April 29, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 29, 2016.


Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling

More photos of Geum triflorum var. ciliatum in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Geum triflorum var. ciliatum:
c KR (Marble Mtns), CaRH, n&c SNH, GB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.