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Vascular Plants of California
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Geum triflorum var. ciliatum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GeumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from thick caudex or elongate rhizome. Stem: ascending to erect, generally hairy. Leaf: generally basal, generally odd-1-pinnately compound, upper cauline simple or not; leaflets lobed, alternately large, small, teeth uneven. Inflorescence: generally cyme, open; pedicel bractlets 0. Flower: hypanthium shallow, bractlets generally 5; stamens > 20; pistils many, ovary superior, continuous to style. Fruit: achene, ovoid to fusiform, +- flat; style elongated, persistent.
Species In Genus: 40--50 species: generally northern temperate, arctic. Etymology: (Latin: ancient name)
eFlora Treatment Author: Joseph R. Rohrer
Geum triflorum Pursh var. ciliatum (Pursh) Fassett
Habit: Plant in patches, rhizomed, +- gray-green. Stem: generally 10--50 cm. Leaf: 4--30 cm; leaflets wedge-shaped, generally 2--3-lobed > 1/2 to base, lobes deeply few-toothed, main leaflets 3--9 per side, largest 1--3 cm, +- = terminal. Inflorescence: (1)3--5(7)-flowered; pedicels tomentose, occasionally glandular. Flower: +- cup-shaped, nodding; hypanthium bractlets 5--15 mm, linear-oblanceolate, outcurved; sepals erect, 6--14 mm, maroon, purple, or +- green and purple-tinged; petals erect, 7--13 mm, +- elliptic, cream to pale yellow, pink-tinged or purple-veined, persistent. Fruit: body 2.5--5 mm; style 15--40 mm below tardily deciduous tip, not or inconspicuously hooked, plumose. Chromosomes: 2n=42.
Ecology: Dry meadow edges, sagebrush scrub, open yellow-pine forest; Elevation: 1300--3200 m. Bioregional Distribution: c KR (Marble Mtns), CaRH, n&c SNH, GB; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, Montana, Colorado. Flowering Time: May--Jul
Synonyms: Geum canescens (Greene) Munz; Geum ciliatum Pursh; Geum triflorum var. canescens (Greene) Kartesz & Gandhi;
Jepson eFlora Author: Joseph R. Rohrer
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Botanical illustration including Geum triflorum var. ciliatum

botanical illustration including Geum triflorum var. ciliatum


Citation for this treatment: Joseph R. Rohrer 2012, Geum triflorum var. ciliatum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 11, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on December 11, 2018.

Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
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© 2014 California Academy of Sciences
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2009 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Geum triflorum var. ciliatum
click for enlargement
© 2012 Gary A. Monroe

More photos of Geum triflorum var. ciliatum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Geum triflorum var. ciliatum:
c KR (Marble Mtns), CaRH, n&c SNH, GB;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.