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Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CelastraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub (climbing or not), tree, thorny or not, generally glabrous. Leaf: simple, opposite or alternate, deciduous to persistent, subsessile or petioled; veins pinnate. Inflorescence: cluster, cyme, raceme, panicle, or 1-flowered, axillary or terminal, bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, radial, small; hypanthium +- cup-shaped; sepals 4--5; petals (0)4--5, free; stamens 4--5, alternate petals, attached below or to rim of disk; ovary superior or +- embedded in disk, 2--5-chambered, placentas axile or basal, style generally 1, short, stigma +- head-like, 2--5-lobed. Fruit: capsule, winged achene, berry, drupe, or nutlet, often 1-chambered. Seed: generally 1 per chamber, arilled.
Genera In Family: 50 genera, 800 species: worldwide, especially southeastern Asia; some ornamental (Celastrus, Euonymus, Maytenus, Paxistima).
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent & Barry A. Prigge
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: EuonymusView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree, erect. Stem: twig generally 4-angled, with corky ridges. Leaf: opposite, deciduous, generally scalloped or finely toothed. Inflorescence: axillary, few-flowered; pedicel jointed to peduncle. Flower: parts in 5s; petals purple-brown [or +- green]; disk fused to hypanthium, flat, +- 5-lobed; stamens short, attached to disk margin; ovary embedded in disk, bumpy or warty or not, style 0 or short, stigma lobes 3--5, obscure. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal, 3--5-valved. Seed: brown [white, red, or black], enclosed by [orange] red aril.
Species In Genus: 180 species: especially tropical southern hemisphere. Etymology: (Greek: good name)
Species: Euonymus occidentalisView Description 

Habit: Plant 2--6 m. Stem: branches slender, often climbing. Leaf: petiole 3--15 mm; blade 3--14 cm, ovate to obovate, thin, base truncate to tapered. Inflorescence: 1--5-flowered; peduncle 2--7 cm, slender; pedicel 5--15 mm. Flower: sepals 1--1.5 mm, 1.5--2.5 mm wide; petals 4--6.5 mm, purple-brown, finely dotted, margin transparent; disk +- 3 mm wide. Fruit: depressed, deeply 3-lobed, smooth. Seed: 4--6 mm, +- brown; aril +- red.

Euonymus occidentalis Torr. var. occidentalis

Ecology: Shaded streambanks, canyons; Elevation: 20--1600 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaRH, n SNH, CW; Distribution Outside California: to Washington. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Michael A. Vincent & Barry A. Prigge
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botanical illustration including Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis


Citation for this treatment: Michael A. Vincent & Barry A. Prigge 2017. Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 24, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 24, 2017.

Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Aaron Schusteff
Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis
click for enlargement
© 2015 Aaron Schusteff

More photos of Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Euonymus occidentalis var. occidentalis:
NW, CaRH, n SNH, CW;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.