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Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: EucryptaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, glandular, sticky, odorous. Stem: erect, much-branched. Leaf: 1--3-pinnate-lobed; lower cauline opposite, petioled, upper alternate, upward smaller, sessile, clasping; petioles generally narrow-winged, ciliate. Inflorescence: terminal or axillary; pedicels thread-like, elongate in fruit. Flower: calyx < 1/2-fused, bell-shaped, glandular, lobes oblong to ovate to spoon-shaped, ciliate; corolla bell-shaped, generally >= calyx, with or without V-shaped transverse fold between each pair of filaments below throat; stamens included, equal, equally attached; ovary chamber 1 (or appearing +- 5 from complex, enlarged placenta), ovules on both sides of placenta, style 1, stigmas 2. Fruit: capsule, ovoid to spheric, bristly. Seed: 5--15.
Species In Genus: 2 species: southwestern United States. Etymology: (Greek: well hidden, from seeds)
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Unabridged Reference: Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143--152
Species: Eucrypta chrysanthemifoliaView Description 

Stem: erect to spreading, < 9 dm. Leaf: lower 2--10 cm, 1--5 cm wide, petioles < 1/2 blade, widened, clasping, blade oblong to wide-ovate, 2--3-pinnate-lobed, lobes obtuse, upper leaves smaller, narrower, less lobed, bases clasping. Inflorescence: flowers 4--15 per branch; pedicels generally recurved in fruit. Flower: calyx 2--4 mm, lobes spreading, not enclosing fruit; corolla 2--6 mm, V-shaped fold 0, lobes hairy abaxially; style < 3 mm. Fruit: 2--4 mm wide. Seed: 6--8, dark brown, of 2 kinds, elliptic or round, disk-like, smooth and oblong-ovoid, wrinkled.

Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia (Benth.) Greene var. chrysanthemifolia
NATIVE
Stem: erect, stout. Leaf: lower 2--10 cm, 1--5 cm wide, lobes 9--13. Inflorescence: flowers 8--15 per branch. Flower: corolla 3--6 mm, 4--8 mm wide, > calyx, yellow-white; style 1--3 mm. Chromosomes: n=10.
Ecology: Roadsides, burns, coastal bluffs, ravines; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, s SnJV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jun
Synonyms: Eucrypta paniculata Nutt.; Ellisia chrysanthemifolia Benth.; Macrocalyx chrysanthemifolius (Benth.) O. Kuntze; Eucrypta foliosa Nutt.; Ellisia torreyi A. Gray var. paniculata Brand; Ellisia torreyi var. orcuttii A. Gray
Jepson eFlora Author: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse
Unabridged Reference: Constance 1938 Lloydia 1:143--152
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Botanical illustration including Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia

botanical illustration including Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Robert Patterson & Richard R. Halse 2012, Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=58930, accessed on May 20, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 20, 2019.

Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
click for enlargement
© 2016 Keir Morse
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
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© 2014 Steve Matson
Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia
click for enlargement
© 2010 Thomas Stoughton

More photos of Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Eucrypta chrysanthemifolia var. chrysanthemifolia:
s SNF, Teh, s SnJV, CW, SW
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.