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Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium

Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: EriodictyonView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: YERBA SANTA
Habit: Perennial herb to shrub. Stem: prostrate to ascending or erect; bark shredding. Leaf: cauline, alternate. Inflorescence: generally open, terminal. Flower: corolla funnel- to urn-shaped, white, lavender, or purple, generally hairy abaxially; stamens included, filaments generally hairy; ovary chambers 2, styles 2, generally hairy. Fruit: 1--3 mm wide; valves 4. Seed: striate, dark brown or black.
Species In Genus: 11 species: southwestern United States, Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: erio, wool, plus dictyon, net, from abaxial leaves)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan
Species: Eriodictyon crassifoliumView Description 

Habit: Shrub. Stem: 1--3 m; twigs dense-tomentose. Leaf: petiole 3--15 mm; blade 3--17 cm, 1--4 cm wide, lanceolate to ovate, +- entire to coarse-toothed, adaxially sparse-hairy to dense-tomentose, abaxially tomentose. Flower: calyx lobes 2--4 mm, dense-long-hairy; corolla 6--16 mm, funnel-shaped, lavender, abaxially dense-hairy; styles 3--8 mm. Seed: 8--14. Chromosomes: n=14.
Note: Varieties intergrade, +- distinguished by stem, leaf hairs.

Eriodictyon crassifolium Benth. var. crassifolium
Stem: dense-gray- to -white tomentose, dark stem obscured. Leaf: +- ovate, dense-gray- to -white-tomentose. Flower: corolla 8--16 mm.
Ecology: Slopes, roadsides, washes, river bottoms, mesas, chaparral, woodland; Elevation: 15--1520 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, WTR, SnGb, PR. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary L. Hannan
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botanical illustration including Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium


Citation for this treatment: Gary L. Hannan 2017. Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium, Revision 4, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 19, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 19, 2017.

Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2009 Thomas Stoughton
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Eriodictyon crassifolium var. crassifolium:
SCo, WTR, SnGb, PR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.