Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Vascular Plants of California
Key to families | Table of families and genera
Previous taxon Index to accepted names and synonyms:
| A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z |
Next taxon


Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum


Higher Taxonomy
Family: AgavaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: CENTURY PLANT FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree, fibrous succulent or not, from bulbs or rhizomes. Stem: above ground or not, branched or not. Leaf: simple, deciduous or not, basal or in terminal rosettes, generally sessile, linear, lanceolate, oblanceolate or ovate, fibrous or not, thin and flexible or thick and rigid or succulent; margin entire, fine-serrate, dentate, or with filaments, tips rigid or flexible, with a spine or not. Flower: bisexual; perianth parts 6, in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused; stamens 6, +- fused to perianth, filaments often wide, succulent; ovary superior or inferior, chambers 3, style 1 (thick, poorly defined), stigma head-like or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, indehiscent, loculicidal, or septicidal. Seed: few to many, +- flat or ovoid, generally black.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 637 species: worldwide.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ChlorogalumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: SOAP PLANT, AMOLE
Habit: Perennial herb; bulb ovoid to +- elongate, outer coat white to brown, often fibrous; generally not heterostylous. Leaf: basal, linear. Inflorescence: panicle, peduncled; flowers, buds 1--several per node; bracts scarious. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free, white, purple, or +- pink, twisted together above ovary in fruit; stamens 6, attached to base of perianth, anthers attached at middle; ovary superior, chambers 3, style thread-like, deciduous, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: stalked, loculicidal. Seed: 1--2 per chamber, ovoid, black.
Species In Genus: 5 species: western North America, especially California. Etymology: (Greek: green milk or juice)
eFlora Treatment Author: Judith A. Jernstedt
Reference: Jernstedt 2006 FNANM 26:307--310
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137--147
Species: Chlorogalum pomeridianumView Description 


Habit: Bulb 7--15 cm, coat membranous or with coarse fibers. Leaf: 20--70 cm, 6--25 mm wide; margin generally wavy. Inflorescence: 30--250 cm, much-branched; pedicels 5--35 mm, slender, +- >= perianth. Flower: open in evening; perianth parts spreading or recurved, 15--25 mm, linear, white, midvein green or purple; stamens < perianth, anthers +- 2 mm, purple or yellow, pollen yellow or cream; style 10--15 mm, < to > perianth. Fruit: 5--7 mm, spheric to +- lobed.

Chlorogalum pomeridianum (DC.) Kunth var. pomeridianum
NATIVE
Habit: Bulb coat with many coarse fibers. Inflorescence: 50--250 cm, erect, branches many. Chromosomes: n=15,18,18+.
Ecology: Common. Open grassland, chaparral, woodland; Elevation: < 1500 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, SNF, n SNH, w GV, CW, SW; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Bulb juices lather in water; roasted bulbs a Native American food.
Jepson eFlora Author: Judith A. Jernstedt
Reference: Jernstedt 2006 FNANM 26:307--310
Unabridged Reference: Hoover 1940 Madroño 5:137--147
Jepson Online Interchange

Previous taxon: Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. minus
Next taxon: Chlorogalum purpureum

Name Search

Botanical illustration including Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum

botanical illustration including Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum

Contact/Feedback

Citation for this treatment: Judith A. Jernstedt 2012, Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=56471, accessed on August 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 21, 2019.

Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2017 Barry Rice
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2004 Carol W. Witham
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2018 Barry Rice
Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum
click for enlargement
© 2013 Neal Kramer

More photos of Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Chlorogalum pomeridianum var. pomeridianum:
NW, SNF, n SNH, w GV, CW, SW
MAP CONTROLS
1. You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner.
2. California county polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
3. Filling of Jepson subdivision polygons can be turned off and on in the layer control box.
4. Moving the cursor over any numbered cluster will show the range boundary of the included specimens (with a blue polygon).
5. Marker clustering can be turned off by clicking this link:      Marker Clustering OFF
WARNING: Turning this off might cause maps with large numbers of specimens to load slowly.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

View elevation by latitude chart


Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
MAP LEGEND
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
READ ABOUT YELLOW FLAGS


CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.