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Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus

Higher Taxonomy
Family: RosaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: ROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to tree, glandular or not. Leaf: simple to palmately or pinnately compound, generally alternate; stipules free to fused (0), persistent to deciduous. Inflorescence: cyme, raceme, panicle, cluster, or flowers 1; bractlets on pedicel ("pedicel bractlets") generally 0--3(many), subtended by bract or generally not. Flower: generally bisexual, radial; hypanthium free or fused to ovary, saucer- to funnel-shaped, subtending bractlets ("hypanthium bractlets") 0--5, alternate sepals; sepals generally 5; petals generally 5, free; stamens (0,1)5--many, anther pollen sacs generally 2; pistils (0)1--many, simple or compound, ovary superior to inferior, styles 1--5. Fruit: 1--many per flower, achene (fleshy-coated or not), follicle, drupe, or pome with generally papery core, occasionally drupe-like with 1--5 stones. Seed: generally 1--5 (per fruit, not per flower).
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 3000 species: worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for ornamental, fruit, especially Cotoneaster, Fragaria, Malus, Prunus, Pyracantha, Rosa, Rubus. Note: Number of teeth is per leaf or leaflet, not per side of leaf or leaflet, except in Drymocallis.
eFlora Treatment Author: Daniel Potter & Barbara Ertter, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Daniel Potter, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Daniel Potter, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: CercocarpusView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Shrub, small tree, evergreen. Stem: trunk < 80 cm diam; bark generally gray to red-brown; twigs short. Leaf: generally clustered, simple; stipules deltate to lanceolate, generally deciduous; blade +- thin to leathery, entire to toothed. Inflorescence: clusters, flowers 1--18. Flower: hypanthium funnel-like, tube persistent in fruit, rim cup-like, deciduous, bractlets 0; petals 0; stamens 10--46, in +- 3 rows on hypanthium rim, anthers glabrous or hairy; pistil 1, free from hypanthium tube, ovary superior, 1-ovuled, style terminal, persistent in fruit, straight or twisted in age, plumose. Fruit: achene, cylindric, hairy, included in hypanthium tube.
Species In Genus: 11 species: western North America, Mexico. Etymology: (Greek: tailed fruit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Brian Vanden Heuvel & Richard Lis
Species: Cercocarpus ledifoliusView Description 

Leaf: petiole 0--6 mm; blade 0.3--3 cm, 1--9(11) mm wide, linear to lanceolate, entire, leathery, abaxially glabrous to densely hairy or woolly. Inflorescence: flowers 1--10. Flower: hypanthium 2--6 mm, 3--10 mm in fruit, rim 1--3.5 mm diam; stamens 10--25, anthers glabrous. Fruit: 6--11 mm; style 3--7 cm.

Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus (S. Watson) M.E. Jones
Habit: Shrub 1--3 m, highly branched. Leaf: petiole 0--1 mm; blade generally 0.3--1 cm, linear, thick-leathery, entire, inrolled to midrib, abaxially glabrous to gray-white-hairy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--5; pedicels 0.3--0.8 mm, 0.5--1 mm in fruit. Flower: hypanthium 2--5 mm, 3--8 mm in fruit, rim 1--2 mm diam; stamens 10--18. Fruit: 6--7 mm; style 3--4.5 cm.
Ecology: Dry, rocky outcrops, slopes, pinyon/juniper woodland; Elevation: 1000--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, SNE, DMtns; Distribution Outside California: to Colorado, Arizona. Flowering Time: May
Synonyms: Cercocarpus intricatus S. Watson
eFlora Treatment Author: Brian Vanden Heuvel & Richard Lis
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botanical illustration including Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus


Citation for this treatment: Brian Vanden Heuvel & Richard Lis 2017. Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 18, 2017.

Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
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© 2017 Steve Matson
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
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© 2011 Steve Matson
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
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© 1988 Gary A. Monroe
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus
click for enlargement
© 2012 James M. Andre

More photos of Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Cercocarpus ledifolius var. intricatus:
s SNH, SNE, DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.