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Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CleomaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, often ill-smelling. Leaf: generally 1-palmate, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules generally minute, often bristle-like or hairy; leaflets 0 or 3--7. Inflorescence: raceme, head, or flowers 1, expanded in fruit; bracts generally 3-parted below, simple above, or 0. Flower: generally bisexual, radial to +- bilateral; sepals generally 4, free or fused, generally persistent; petals generally 4, free, +- clawed; stamens generally 6, free, exserted, anthers generally coiling at dehiscence; ovary superior, generally on stalk-like receptacle, chamber generally 1, placentas generally 2, parietal, style 1, persistent, stigma generally minute, +- head-like. Fruit: 2 nutlets or generally capsule, septicidal; valves generally 2, deciduous, leaving septum (frame-like placentas) behind; pedicel generally +- reflexed to spreading.
Genera In Family: 17 genera, +- 150 species: widespread tropics to arid temperate. Note: Treated as Capparaceae in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WislizeniaView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (F.A. Wislizenus, plant collector in southwestern United States, 1810--1889)
Species: Wislizenia refractaView Description 

Habit: Annual, short-lived perennial herb, glabrous to puberulent. Stem: much-branched from base, 0.5--24 dm. Leaf: petiole 3--25 mm; leaflets generally 3. Inflorescence: raceme, terminal, 1--3 cm, dense, in fruit 4--20 cm; pedicels 5--10 mm. Flower: radial; sepals free, 1--2 mm, +- entire, green; petals 2.5--6.3 mm, elliptic, yellow, tapered to base, claw +- 0; stamens 8--14 mm, yellow; ovary 0.3--0.6 mm, generally exserted, lobes 2, +- free, each generally 1-ovuled, style 2--5.5 mm. Fruit: 2 nutlets; valves deciduous; receptacle stalk-like, reflexed; style elongate but not spine-like. Seed: 1(3) per nutlet. Chromosomes: 2n=40.
Toxicity: TOXIC but seldom eaten. Note: Valuable honey pl.

Wislizenia refracta Engelm. subsp. refracta
Habit: Annual. Stem: green, tan. Leaf: leaflets 3, 7--30 mm, ovate. Flower: receptacle 3--6 mm; sepals 1--1.5 mm, lanceolate; anthers 0.9--1.2 mm; style 2--5 mm.
Ecology: Sandy washes, roadsides, alkaline flats; Elevation: 90--1160 m. Bioregional Distribution: s DMoj, n DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, western Texas, Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--Oct
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Wislizenia refracta subsp. palmeri
Next taxon: Comandraceae

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botanical illustration including Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool 2016. Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 03, 2016.

Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre

More photos of Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta:
s DMoj, n DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.