Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta

Higher Taxonomy
Family: CleomaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, often ill-smelling. Leaf: generally 1-palmate, generally alternate, generally petioled; stipules generally minute, often bristle-like or hairy; leaflets 0 or 3--7. Inflorescence: raceme, head, or flowers 1, expanded in fruit; bracts generally 3-parted below, simple above, or 0. Flower: generally bisexual, radial to +- bilateral; sepals generally 4, free or fused, generally persistent; petals generally 4, free, +- clawed; stamens generally 6, free, exserted, anthers generally coiling at dehiscence; ovary superior, generally on stalk-like receptacle, chamber generally 1, placentas generally 2, parietal, style 1, persistent, stigma generally minute, +- head-like. Fruit: 2 nutlets or generally capsule, septicidal; valves generally 2, deciduous, leaving septum (frame-like placentas) behind; pedicel generally +- reflexed to spreading.
Genera In Family: 17 genera, +- 150 species: widespread tropics to arid temperate. Note: Treated as Capparaceae in TJM (1993).
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: WislizeniaView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (F.A. Wislizenus, plant collector in southwestern United States, 1810--1889)

Wislizenia refracta Engelm. subsp. refracta
Habit: Annual. Stem: green, tan. Leaf: leaflets 3, 7--30 mm, ovate. Flower: receptacle 3--6 mm; sepals 1--1.5 mm, lanceolate; anthers 0.9--1.2 mm; style 2--5 mm.
Ecology: Sandy washes, roadsides, alkaline flats; Elevation: 90--1160 m. Bioregional Distribution: s DMoj, n DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Utah, western Texas, Mexico. Flowering Time: Apr--Oct
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

Previous taxon: Wislizenia refracta subsp. palmeri
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botanical illustration including Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Staria S. Vanderpool 2012, Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 22, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on January 22, 2018.

Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre
Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta
click for enlargement
© 2005 James M. Andre

More photos of Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Wislizenia refracta subsp. refracta:
s DMoj, n DSon;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

View elevation by latitude chart
Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.