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|Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
Key to families | Table of families and genera
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|Family: Violaceae||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Genus: Viola||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
|Species: Viola purpurea||View Description||Dichotomous Key|
Viola purpurea NULL subsp. purpurea
Habit: Plant 3--25 cm, +- glabrous or puberulent. Stem: generally not buried, spreading to erect, generally elongated by end of season. Leaf: basal petiole 4--11 cm, blade 1.6--4.5 cm, 1.6--4.1 cm wide, +- round, +- unlobed, irregularly crenate, generally +- glabrous, occasionally shiny adaxially, +- fleshy, purple-tinted abaxially, base generally tapered, tip acute to obtuse; cauline petiole 1.5--6.9 cm, blade 0.3--2.9 cm, 1--5 cm wide, lanceolate to triangular, crenate-serrate, base +- cordate, truncate, or tapered, tip acute. Inflorescence: peduncle 4.5--10 cm. Flower: lowest petal 10--12 mm. Fruit: 5--6 mm. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: In openings or beneath shrubs, generally in yellow-pine forest or higher; Elevation: 213--2896 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, CW, SW, MP; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Mar--Jul
Synonyms: Viola kelloggii A. Nelson
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Jepson Online Interchange
Previous taxon: Viola purpurea subsp. mohavensis
Next taxon: Viola purpurea subsp. quercetorum
Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola purpurea subsp. purpurea, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=53409, accessed on February 10, 2016.
Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on February 10, 2016.