Jepson eFlora: Taxon page
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Viola lobata subsp. lobata

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ViolaceaeView Description 

Habit: Annual, perennial herb, [small shrub, tree, vine], from caudices, taproots, rhizomes, or stolons; hairs 0 or simple. Stem: 0 or prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal, cauline, or both, alternate, [opposite], simple to compound, petioled; stipules generally small; blade linear to round, entire to toothed or lobed. Inflorescence: flowers 1 [raceme], axillary or scapose; peduncle bractlets 2, generally alternate. Flower: bisexual, bilateral [radial]; sepals 5, free, basal lobes present [0], generally not prominent; petals 5, free, lowest often largest, base +- elongated into a spur; stamens 5, alternate petals, filaments short, wide, with large in-pointing hairs, lowest 2 anthers with basal nectaries extending into petal spur; ovary superior, chamber 1, placentas parietal, 3, ovules [1] generally many, style 1, often enlarged distally, stigma often oblique or hooked, hairy or not. Fruit: capsule [berry], 3-valved, loculicidal, explosively dehiscent or not. Seed: generally with outgrowth, attractive to ants.
Genera In Family: 23 genera, 830 species: worldwide, generally temperate, tropics (especially higher elevations). Note: Lengths of lowest petal including spur.
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ViolaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VIOLET
Leaf: generally deciduous. Flower: sepals +- equal, entire; petals unequal, lowest generally largest, with spur generally < 3 [20] mm, lateral 2 equal, generally spreading, upper 2 equal, erect or reflexed, overlapped or not, lateral 2 generally, others sometimes with beard of variously shaped hairs basally; cleistogamous flowers generally present, petals 0. Fruit: ovoid to oblong, hairy or not. Seed: 8--75.
Species In Genus: +- 500 species: temperate, worldwide, Hawaii, Andes. Etymology: (Latin: classical name) Note: Important orns including Viola odorata, Viola tricolor L. (Johnny-jump-up, wild pansy), Viola ×wittrockiana Gams (garden pansy).
Species: Viola lobataView Description 

Habit: Perennial herb 5--46 cm, glabrous or puberulent, glaucous or not. Stem: erect, 1--3, generally purple, leafless proximally, from thick, shallow or deep, horizontal or vertical rhizome. Leaf: simple, deeply divided or not; basal 0--2 per caudex, petiole 5--24 cm, blade 3.5--8.5 cm, 4.5--13.5 cm wide, deltate to reniform, entire to irregularly serrate, ciliate, base cordate, wedge-shaped, or truncate, tip blunt, obtuse, or acute; cauline only near stem tip, petiole 0.2--7.4 cm, blade 1.5--5.5 cm, 1.4--10 cm wide, reniform, deltate, +- ovate, or diamond-shaped, base cordate, wedge-shaped, or truncate, entire to coarsely toothed, tip acute to obtuse. Inflorescence: axillary from upper leaf axils; peduncle 2--13 cm. Flower: sepals lanceolate, generally ciliate; petals deep lemon-yellow, generally upper 2, sometimes lateral 2 dark red-brown abaxially, lower 3, sometimes upper 2 veined brown-purple basally, lateral 2 bearded with cylindric hairs, lowest 8--19 mm. Fruit: 6--16 mm, elliptic-ovate, glabrous. Seed: 2.1--2.7 mm, shiny, pale brown, blotched or streaked with brown. Chromosomes: 2n=12.

Viola lobata Benth. subsp. lobata
Leaf: cauline blade generally wider than long, +- ovate, deltate, or generally reniform, palmate-lobed or -dissected, lobes or segments 3--12, generally entire to coarsely serrate.
Ecology: Dry shady or open places in chaparral, oak woodland, yellow-pine, mixed-conifer, or redwood forest, occasionally moist, often serpentine; Elevation: 45--2300 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW, CaR, SN, PR; Distribution Outside California: southwestern Oregon, northern Baja California. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
Synonyms: Viola lobata subsp. psychodes (Greene) Munz; Viola sequoiensis Kellogg
eFlora Treatment Author: R. John Little
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botanical illustration including Viola lobata subsp. lobata


Citation for this treatment: R. John Little 2016. Viola lobata subsp. lobata, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 04, 2016.

Viola lobata subsp. lobata
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© 2006 George W. Hartwell
Viola lobata subsp. lobata
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© 2009 Keir Morse
Viola lobata subsp. lobata
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Viola lobata subsp. lobata
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© 2013 Barry Breckling
Viola lobata subsp. lobata
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© 2008 Steve Matson
Viola lobata subsp. lobata
click for enlargement
© 2006 Steve Matson

More photos of Viola lobata subsp. lobata in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Viola lobata subsp. lobata:
NW, CaR, SN, PR;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.