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Vascular Plants of California
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Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri


Higher Taxonomy
Family: ValerianaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: VALERIAN FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, occasionally strongly scented, odor generally unpleasant. Leaf: simple to pinnately lobed or compound; petioles generally sheathing; basal +- whorled; cauline opposite, petioled to sessile. Inflorescence: cyme, panicle, or head-like, generally +- dense. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx fused to ovary tip, limb 0 or lobes generally 5--15, coiled inward, plumose in age, pappus-like, spreading in fruit; corolla radial to 2-lipped, lobes generally 5, throat generally > lobes, > tube, base generally spurred or swollen, tube slender, long or short; stamens generally 1--3, fused to petals; ovary inferior, chamber generally 1, or occasionally 3 but 2 empty or vestigial. Fruit: achene, smooth, ribbed, or winged.
Genera In Family: +- 17 genera, 300 species: generally temperate, worldwide except Australia. Some species cultivated (Centranthus), some medicinal (Valeriana).
eFlora Treatment Author: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ValerianaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: VALERIAN
Habit: [Annual] perennial herb from rhizome or short underground caudex, glabrous to soft-hairy. Stem: generally erect, 1--several. Leaf: basal simple to pinnately lobed or compound, tapered to petiole; cauline +- sessile to +- clasping, pinnately lobed to compound, distal lobe generally > others. Inflorescence: cyme, clustered, +- dense to open, terminal or axillary. Flower: calyx lobes 5--15, rolled inward, plumose in age, spreading, persistent in fruit; corolla +- funnel-shaped, white to pink, lobes +- equal, throat >> tube, occasionally swollen near base, tube slender, occasionally obscured by swollen throat; stamens 3; ovary +- 1-chambered. Fruit: generally compressed, generally 6-veined vertically.
Species In Genus: +- 200 species: temperate worldwide except Australia. Etymology: (Latin: strength, from use in folk medicine, or after Valerian, a Roman emperor)
Reference: Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147--159
Species: Valeriana sitchensisView Description 

Habit: Plants glabrous or sparsely hairy. Stem: 1--7 dm; nodes short-hairy. Leaf: 3--30 cm; at least some basal leaves lobed to compound; cauline deeply lobed to compound, lobes or leaflets generally 3--7, lanceolate to round. Flower: generally bisexual; corolla 5--8 mm, white or +- pink, throat +- 2 × lobe length. Fruit: 4--6 mm, lanceolate to +- oblong.

Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri Piper
NATIVE
Stem: 1--6 dm. Leaf: generally basal, < 15 cm; leaflets ovate to round, margin +- entire, fine-crenate to -dentate; cauline reduced. Fruit: 4--6 mm, lanceolate to +- oblong.
Ecology: Moist cliffs, streambanks; Elevation: < 1200 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo, KR, n NCoRO; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
Synonyms: Valeriana hookeri Shuttlew.; Valeriana scouleri Rydb., illeg.
Jepson eFlora Author: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster
Reference: Bell & Donoghue 2005 Organisms Diversity Evol 5:147--159
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Botanical illustration including Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri

botanical illustration including Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri

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Citation for this treatment: Abigail J. Moore & Lauramay T. Dempster 2012, Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=53323, accessed on May 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on May 21, 2019.

Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson
Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri
click for enlargement
© 2017 Steve Matson

More photos of Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Valeriana sitchensis subsp. scouleri:
NCo, KR, n NCoRO
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.