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Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ThemidaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Perennial herb from corm, outer coat fibrous [membranous]. Leaf: basal, 1--10, linear to narrow-lanceolate. Inflorescence: scapose, generally umbel-like; scape erect, generally 1(2), cylindric, generally rigid, occasionally wavy to twining; flower bracts 2--4[10], not enclosing flower buds. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, free or +- fused below into tube; staminodes 0 or 3; stamens 3 or 6, free or fused to perianth, occasionally appendaged; ovary superior, chambers 3, ovules 2--several per chamber. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal.
Genera In Family: 10--11 genera, 60--70 species: western North America.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: TriteleiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Corm spheric, tan; daughter corms sessile. Leaf: 1--3, generally narrow-lanceolate, keeled, glabrous, entire, often withered at flower. Inflorescence: umbel-like, open; bracts +- lanceolate, +- scarious; pedicels +- erect, generally > perianth; flowers generally many. Flower: perianth tube generally funnel-shaped, lobes generally ascending to spreading; stamens 6, attached to perianth tube at 1 level or alternately at 2 levels, equal or short alternating with long, filaments free, appendages forming crown or generally 0, anthers attached at middle, generally angled away from stigma; ovary stalked, style 1, stigma +- 3-lobed. Fruit: generally stalked, ovoid. Seed: +- spheric, black-crusted.
Species In Genus: 15 species: western North America, especially northern and central California. Etymology: (Greek: 3 complete, for flower parts in 3s)
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
Species: Triteleia ixioidesView Description 

Leaf: 1--2, 10--50 cm, 3--15 mm wide, linear. Inflorescence: scape 10--80 cm, generally smooth (scabrous near base); pedicels 10--90(120) mm, upcurved. Flower: perianth 12--27 mm, straw-colored or gold-yellow striped dark (white flushed purple), tube 3--10 mm, acute at base, lobes 6--20 mm, ascending to reflexed, midvein green, brown, or purple; stamens close to pistil, attached at 1 level, unequal, filaments flat, tip appendages forked, pointed, anthers 1--2 mm, white, cream, yellow, or blue; ovary > stalk.

Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra (Greene) L.W. Lenz
Leaf: 10--50 cm. Inflorescence: scape 20--50 cm, scabrous; pedicels 10--90 mm. Flower: perianth generally straw-colored to pale yellow, tube 3--7 mm, lobes 10--20 mm, ascending to reflexed; filaments 4--5 mm and 5--7 mm, tip appendages +- straight to recurved, anthers cream or yellow, occasionally blue. Chromosomes: n=5,6,8,12,16.
Ecology: Scrub edges, mixed or conifer forest, foothill woodland and grassland, clay, granite soils; Elevation: 150--2200 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR, SN. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Synonyms: Calliprora scabra Greene; Brodiaea ixioides (W.T. Aiton) S. Watson var. scabra (Greene) Smiley; Brodiaea lutea (Lindl.) C.V. Morton var. scabra (Greene) Munz; Brodiaea scabra (Greene) Baker; Calliprora aurantea Kellogg; Triteleia ixioides var. scabra (Greene) Hoover; Triteleia scabra (Greene) Rattan
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator
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botanical illustration including Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra


Citation for this treatment: J. Chris Pires & Glenn Keator 2016. Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 05, 2016.

Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
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© 2011 Neal Kramer
Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
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© 2003 Michael Charters
Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer
Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
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© 2016 Keir Morse
Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
click for enlargement
© 2007 Neal Kramer
Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra
click for enlargement
© 2011 Neal Kramer

More photos of Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Triteleia ixioides subsp. scabra:
KR, CaR, SN.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.