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Vascular Plants of California
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Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum
DWARF GERMANDER


Higher Taxonomy
Family: Lamiaceae (Labiatae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: MINT FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub [tree, vine], glabrous to hairy, generally aromatic. Stem: generally erect, generally 4-angled. Leaf: generally simple to deeply lobed, generally opposite, generally gland-dotted. Inflorescence: generally cymes, generally many in dense axillary clusters surrounding stem, generally separated by evident internodes or collectively crowded, spike- or panicle-like, occasionally head-like or raceme, subtended by leaves or bracts; flowers sessile or pedicelled. Flower: generally bisexual; calyx generally 5-lobed, radial to bilateral; corolla generally bilateral, 1--2-lipped, upper lip entire or 2-lobed, +- flat to hood-like, occasionally 0, lower lip generally 3-lobed; stamens generally 4, epipetalous, generally exserted, paired, pairs generally unequal, occasionally 2, staminodes 2 or 0; ovary superior, generally 4-lobed to base chambers 2, ovules 2 per chamber, style 1, generally arising from center at junction of lobes, stigmas generally 2. Fruit: generally 4 nutlets, generally ovoid to oblong, smooth.
Genera In Family: +- 230 genera, 7200 species: worldwide. Many cultivated for herbs, oils (Lavandula, lavender; Mentha, mint; Rosmarinus, rosemary; Thymus, thyme), some cultivated as ornamental (in California Cedronella, Leonotis, Monarda, Phlomis). Note: Moluccella laevis L., shell flower, historical waif in California. Satureja calamintha (L.) Scheele subsp. ascendens (Jordan) Briq. reported as alien but not naturalized. Salazaria moved to Scutellaria; California Hyptis moved to Condea, California Satureja moved to Clinopodium.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dieter H. Wilken & Margriet Wetherwax, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: TeucriumView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Habit: Annual, perennial herb, glabrous to short-hairy. Stem: ascending to erect, branched or not. Leaf: petioled, crenate to deeply lobed, lobes oblong. Inflorescence: generally spike-like, occasionally few-flowered, flowers subtended by leaves or bracts. Flower: calyx +- radial, 10-veined, 5-lobed, lobes +- equal; corolla 1-lipped, tube split above, lip 5-lobed, +- flat, distal lobe > lateral lobes, tip rounded, lateral lobe tips acute to obtuse; stamens 4, lower pair generally > upper; style lobes generally equal.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: worldwide, especially Mediterranean. Etymology: (Teucer, a Trojan monarch) Note: Teucrium canadense L. var. occidentale (A. Gray) E.M. McClintock & Epling, not in California.
Unabridged Note: Teucrium canadense L. var. occidentale (A. Gray) E.M. McClintock & Epling, a hairy perennial herb with ovate to lanceolate, serrate leaves known from Arizona, Oregon, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, Washington, northern to Canada and southern to Mexico., not in California; Teucrium fruticans L. is alien but not naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Wagstaff et al. 1998 Pl Syst Evol 209:265--274
Unabridged Reference: Cronquist & Reveal 1984 Intermountain Flora 4:303--304; McClintock & Epling 1946 Brittonia 5:491--510
Teucrium cubense Jacq. subsp. depressum E.M. McClint. & Epling
NATIVE
Leaf: generally withering in fruit; lower 2--4 cm, blade ovate to obovate, crenate to lobed; upper 0.5--1.5 cm, generally deeply 3-lobed. Flower: calyx tube 1--3 mm, lobes 3--6 mm, bristle-tipped; corolla 7--15 mm, +- puberulent inside; filaments glabrous.
Ecology: Sandy soils, washes, fields, alkaline flats; Elevation: < 400 m. Bioregional Distribution: DSon; Distribution Outside California: to Texas, northern Mexico. Flowering Time: Mar--May Note: Species to southeastern United States, Mexico, Caribbean, South America.
Unabridged Synonyms: Teucrium cubense Jacq. var. densum Jeps.
Jepson eFlora Author: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken
Reference: Wagstaff et al. 1998 Pl Syst Evol 209:265--274
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Botanical illustration including Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum

botanical illustration including Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum

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Citation for this treatment: John M. Miller & Dieter H. Wilken 2012, Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=53177, accessed on October 16, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on October 16, 2019.

No expert verified images found for Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum.



Geographic subdivisions for Teucrium cubense subsp. depressum:
DSon
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.