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Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
NARROW-TOOTHED PECTOCARYA


Higher Taxonomy
Family: BoraginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: BORAGE or WATERLEAF FAMILY
Habit: Annual to shrub or small tree, or non-green root parasite, often bristly or sharp-hairy. Stem: prostrate to erect. Leaf: basal and/or cauline, generally simple, generally alternate. Inflorescence: generally cymes, or panicle-, raceme-, head-, or spike-like, generally coiled in flower (often described as scorpioid), generally elongating in fruit, or flowers 1--2 per axil. Flower: bisexual, generally radial; sepals (4)5(10), fused at least at base, or free; corolla (4)5(10)-lobed, salverform, funnel-shaped, rotate, or bell-shaped, generally without scales at tube base, with 0 or 5 appendages at tube top, alternate stamens; stamens epipetalous; ovary generally superior, entire to 4-lobed, style 1(2), entire or 2-lobed or -branched. Fruit: valvate or circumscissile capsule or nutlets 1--4, free (fused), smooth to roughened, prickly or bristly or not.
Genera In Family: +- 120 genera, +- 2300 species: tropics, temperate, especially western North America, Mediterranean; some cultivated (Borago, Heliotropium, Echium, Myosotis, Nemophila, Phacelia, Symphytum, Wigandia). Toxicity: Many genera may be TOXIC from pyrrolizidine alkaloids or accumulated nitrates. Note: Recently treated to include Hydrophyllaceae, Lennoaceae. Wigandia urens added, as naturalized.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Richard R. Halse & Timothy C. Messick, family description, key to genera, treatment of genera by Ronald B. Kelley, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Ronald B. Kelley, Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin, David J. Keil.
Genus: PectocaryaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Common Name: PECTOCARYA, COMBSEED
Habit: Annual. Stem: 2--40 cm, strigose, breaking at nodes or not. Leaf: generally alternate, generally 0.5--4 cm, +- linear, strigose to sharp-bristled. Inflorescence: bracted or not; pedicel in fruit generally free from nutlets, generally recurved. Flower: basal cleistogamous flowers generally 0; calyx generally < fruit, lobes free, not arched over 1 nutlet, with hooked or straight prickles, in fruit +- equal or, if unequal, upper 2 > others; corolla funnel-shaped, white, limb 0.5--2.5 mm diam, appendages white or yellow; style attached to receptacle, unbranched, generally persistent, stigma 1, head-like. Fruit: nutlets generally 4, generally paired, often dissimilar in shape, ornamentation, margin width, spreading, 1--4.5 mm, generally compressed, marginal prickles straight or hooked at tip.
Species In Genus: 15 species: to British Columbia, Wyoming, Texas, northwestern Mexico; South America. Etymology: (Greek: comb nut, from bristly to dentate nutlet margins of some species) Note: Nutlets of basal, cleistogamous flowers (present in Pectocarya heterocarpa, Pectocarya peninsularis) unusual, not to be used in key.
Unabridged Note: Flowers generally of 1 kind with observable white corolla occurring on the cauline inflorescence sections, except for Pectocarya heterocarpa, Pectocarya peninsularis, which also produce cleistogamous flowers, without an observable corolla, that occur at stem bases and produce nutlet shapes not represented in the diagnostic key.
eFlora Treatment Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Veno 1979 Ph.D. Dissertation Univ of California, Los Angeles
Pectocarya linearis (Ruiz & Pav.) DC. subsp. ferocula (I.M. Johnst.) Thorne
NATIVE
Stem: prostrate to decumbent, 6--26 cm. Inflorescence: pedicel in fruit 1.5--3 mm. Fruit: nutlets 2--3.8 mm, linear-oblong, straight or +- recurved near tip; margin teeth free +- to base, width at base generally << length. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Roadsides, grassy slopes, clearings; Elevation: 5--2100 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SW, DMoj, w DSon; Distribution Outside California: northern Baja California; also southern South America. Flowering Time: Feb--May Note: Apparently rare, scattered in D.
Jepson eFlora Author: Ronald B. Kelley
Unabridged Reference: Veno 1979 Ph.D. Dissertation Univ of California, Los Angeles
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Botanical illustration including Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula

botanical illustration including Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula

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Citation for this treatment: Ronald B. Kelley 2012, Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=51916, accessed on August 22, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 22, 2019.

Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson
Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2009 Aaron Schusteff
Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2014 Steve Matson
Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula
click for enlargement
© 2011 Steve Matson

More photos of Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Pectocarya linearis subsp. ferocula:
s SNF, Teh, GV, CW, SW, DMoj, w DSon
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.