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Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OrobanchaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE FAMILY
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub; often glandular; root-parasites, roots modified into absorptive structures. Stem: generally round in ×-section. Leaf: generally simple, generally alternate, reduced to +- fleshy scales in non-green plants lacking chlorophyll; stipules generally 0. Inflorescence: spike to panicle, generally bracted, or flowers 1--2 in axils. Flower: bisexual; calyx lobes 0--5; corolla generally strongly bilateral, generally 2-lipped (upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower lip generally 3-lobed), abaxial lobes outside other lobes in bud; stamens epipetalous, 4 in 2 pairs (sometimes 1 pair sterile), additional staminode 0(1), anther sacs unequal; ovary superior, chambers 1--2, placentas 2--4, parietal, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: capsule, generally +- ovoid, loculicidal, valves 2--4. Seed: many, small, angled; surface smooth or netted.
Genera In Family: 99 genera, 2060 species: worldwide, especially northern temperate and Africa. Note: High yield losses in many crops caused by Orobanche species in Africa, Mediterranean, Middle East, and eastern Europe.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: OrobancheView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: BROOMRAPE
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, not green (holoparasites), generally glandular-puberulent distally; root attachment occasionally tuber-like. Stem: simple or branched. Inflorescence: generally +- spike-like (proximal flowers often short-pedicelled or on short branches), generally dense; flowers generally > 20; bracts generally lanceolate to deltate (wider on peduncle); bractlets 0 or 2. Flower: calyx lobes 4--5; corolla glandular-puberulent, generally lacking ring of hairs at stamen bases, upper lip erect to reflexed, 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, spreading, throat floor with yellow folds; anthers glabrous to hairy; stigma lobes generally 2. Fruit: 2-valved; placentas generally 2, often lobed. Seed: < 0.7 mm.
Species In Genus: 140 species: worldwide, especially Mediterranean. Etymology: (Greek: vetch strangler, from parasitic habit)
eFlora Treatment Author: Alison E.L. Colwell & Lawrence R. Heckard
Species: Orobanche parishiiView Description 

Habit: Plant +- yellow-white. Stem: generally simple, stout, glandular-puberulent. Inflorescence: bracts narrowly ovate, with > 5 conspicuous, parallel veins. Flower: calyx 10--20 mm, lobes 5, +- narrowly triangular, pale; corolla buff to +- pink, lobes rounded or obtuse, veins +- red.


Orobanche parishii (Jeps.) Heckard subsp. parishii
NATIVE
Habit: Plant 15--26 cm. Inflorescence: 5--14 cm, elongate, flower arrangement asymmetrical. Flower: calyx lobes 10--16 mm; corolla 20--25 mm, lips 6--8 mm, spreading; anthers glabrous or hairy; stigma lobes wide, spreading. Chromosomes: 2n=48.
Ecology: Uncommon. Conifer forest, openings in chaparral, scrub, generally on shrubs; Elevation: 300--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: s SNH, Teh, SW, W&I, DMtns; Distribution Outside California: Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jul Note: Comprises 2 or more undescribed taxa. One has narrow +- purple spikes, in conifer forest at 2000--3000 m on Artemisia dracunculus in SnJt and WTR (Mount Pinos), represented by specimen from Bear Valley (S.B. Parrish, s.n. June 1894). Another has narrow buff to yellow spikes, often with +- red markings on corolla lobes, in oak-chaparral at 300--1500 m on Isocoma and other Asteraceae in San Diego, Orange, Los Angeles, Riverside cos.
eFlora Treatment Author: Alison E.L. Colwell & Lawrence R. Heckard
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Citation for this treatment: Alison E.L. Colwell & Lawrence R. Heckard 2016. Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=51841, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on April 30, 2016.


Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
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© 2013 Keir Morse
Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
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© 2014 Neal Kramer
Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse
Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii
click for enlargement
© 2013 Keir Morse

More photos of Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Orobanche parishii subsp. parishii:
s SNH, Teh, SW, W&I, DMtns;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.