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Linaria dalmatica subsp. dalmatica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PlantaginaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to shrub, some aquatic. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate or opposite (whorled), simple, entire to dentate or lobed, venation generally pinnate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, spike, or flowers axillary in 1--few-flowered clusters; flowers few to many, each subtended by 1 bract. Flower: unisexual or bisexual, radial or bilateral; sepals 4--5, generally fused at base; corolla 4--5-lobed, scarious or not, persistent or not, generally 2-lipped, upper lip generally 2-lobed, lower generally 3-lobed, spur present or not, tube sac-like at base or not; stamens 2 or 4, alternate corolla lobes, epipetalous, staminode 0 or 1--2, anthers opening by 2 slits; ovary superior, [1]2--4-chambered, style 1, stigma lobes 0 or 2. Fruit: generally a capsule, septicidal, loculicidal, circumscissile, or dehiscing by terminal slits or pores.
Genera In Family: 110 genera, +- 2000 species: worldwide, especially temperate. Note: Veronicaceae sensu Olmstead et al. Recently treated to include Callitrichaceae, Hippuridaceae, and most non-parasitic California genera of Scrophulariaceae (except Buddleja, Limosella, Mimulus, Myoporum, Scrophularia, Verbascum). California Maurandya moved to Holmgrenanthe and Maurandella. Limnophila ×ludoviciana Thieret an occasional agricultural weed in rice fields. Hebe ×franciscana (Eastw.) Souster, Hebe speciosa (R. Cunn.) Andersen only cultivated.
eFlora Treatment Author: Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: LinariaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: TOADFLAX
Habit: Annual to perennial herb, generally glabrous. Stem: erect, simple or branched at base. Leaf: generally opposite or whorled (or distal alternate), sessile, linear to ovate, generally wider on non-flowering shoots, entire to dentate, pinnately veined. Inflorescence: spike or raceme, terminal; bracts reduced, alternate. Flower: sepals 5, free to near base, lobes +- equal; corolla 5-lobed, 2-lipped, lower lip >= upper, lower side of tube spurred at base, lower side of throat swollen, +- hairy, +- closing corolla below lips; stamens 4, in 2 pairs, included; stigma small, lobes 0 or 2, flat. Fruit: opening by slits into chambers near tip, +- spheric. Seed: many, flat and winged or pyramid-shaped and 0--3-ridged.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: Europe, Asia, northern Africa; many cultivated. Etymology: (Latin: flax, from flax-like leaves of some) Note: Corolla length includes spur. Linaria supina (L.) Chaz. mistakenly reported for California in TJM (1993). Linaria canadensis moved to Nuttallanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax

Linaria dalmatica (L.) Mill. subsp. dalmatica
Habit: Perennial herb, glabrous. Stem: erect, 20--120 cm, branched. Leaf: crowded, < 60 mm, lanceolate to ovate, rigid, +- clasping, tip acute to long-tapered. Inflorescence: dense to open; pedicels 1--13 mm, +- = bracts. Flower: calyx 2--12 mm, lobes linear to triangular-ovate; corolla 20--50 mm, yellow, lower lip closing throat, densely white- to orange-hairy; stigma lobes 0. Fruit: 3--7 mm. Seed: +- 1.2 mm, +- pyramid-shaped, ridged. Chromosomes: 2n=12.
Ecology: Roadsides, fields, open areas in yellow-pine forest, pinyon/juniper woodland, sagebrush scrub; Elevation: < 2080 m. Bioregional Distribution: NW (exc NCoRH), CaR, n SN, GV, CW (exc SCoRI), SW (exc ChI, SnJt), GB (exc Wrn, W&I); Distribution Outside California: widely naturalized; native to Mediterranean. Flowering Time: Apr--Sep Note: Other subsp. Oregon, Washington, eastern United States.
Synonyms: Linaria genistifolia (L.) Mill. subsp. dalmatica (L.) Maire & Petitm.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax
Jepson Online Interchange
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Next taxon: Linaria maroccana

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botanical illustration including Linaria dalmatica subsp. dalmatica


Citation for this treatment: Robert E. Preston & Margriet Wetherwax 2017. Linaria dalmatica subsp. dalmatica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 24, 2017.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2017. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on May 24, 2017.

Geographic subdivisions for Linaria dalmatica subsp. dalmatica:
NW (exc NCoRH), CaR, n SN, GV, CW (exc SCoRI), SW (exc ChI, SnJt), GB (exc Wrn, W&I);
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.