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Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum

Higher Taxonomy
Family: LiliaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb from membranous bulb or scaly rhizome. Stem: underground or erect, branched or not. Leaf: basal or cauline, alternate, subopposite, or whorled. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, +- umbel-like or not. Flower: perianth parts 6 in 2 generally petal-like whorls, often showy; stamens 3 or 6, filaments free or +- fused to perianth, anthers attached at base or near middle; ovary superior or +- so, style 1, entire or 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule or berry. Seed: 3--many, flat or angled, brown to black.
Genera In Family: 16 genera, 635 species: northern temperate. Note: Users strongly encouraged to protect plants by working around need to see underground parts in using keys, e.g., by trying both leads in couplets solely dependent on such characters. Muscari botryoides (L.) Mill. an historical waif in California. Other TJM (1993) taxa moved to Agavaceae (Agave, Camassia, Chlorogalum, Hastingsia, Hesperocallis, Hesperoyucca, Leucocrinum, Yucca), Alliaceae (Allium, Ipheion, Nothoscordum), Amaryllidaceae (Amaryllis, Narcissus, Pancratium), Asparagaceae (Asparagus), Asphodelaceae (Aloe, Asphodelus, Kniphofia), Melanthiaceae (Pseudotrillium, Stenanthium, Toxicoscordion, Trillium, Veratrum, Xerophyllum), Nartheciaceae (Narthecium), Ruscaceae (Maianthemum, Nolina), Smilacaceae (Smilax), Tecophilaeaceae (Odontostomum), Themidaceae (Androstephium, Bloomeria, Brodiaea, Dichelostemma, Muilla, Triteleia), and Tofieldiaceae (Triantha). North American species of Disporum now in Prosartes.
eFlora Treatment Author: Dale W. McNeal, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Dale W. McNeal, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: LiliumView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: LILY
Habit: Plant from bulb-like, scaly rhizomes (called bulbs here for brevity), generally not clonal, +- glabrous; bulb scale segments 2--many, if segmented. Stem: erect. Leaf: > 12, +- whorled (often some alternate), sessile, spreading with drooping tips to ascending, generally +- elliptic; veins generally 3; stipule 0. Inflorescence: flowers axillary, 1--40+; bracts generally 2 per flower. Flower: generally radial, generally bell- or funnel-shaped; perianth parts 6 in 2 petal-like whorls, +- lanceolate, base narrowed, generally red-purple-spotted adaxially; stamens 6, gen exceeding to much exceeding perianth, anthers attached at middle (measures are after dehiscence); style 1, stigma 3-lobed. Fruit: capsule, erect, generally +- smooth, loculicidal. Seed: many, flat, in 6 stacks. Chromosomes: n=12.
Species In Genus: +- 100 species: northern temperate, tropical mountains of eastern Asia. Etymology: (Greek: lily) Note: Variable, hybridization common. Many species declining from habitat destruction, collecting; few thrive in gardens. Generally flowers May--Aug.
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
Species: Lilium pardalinumView Description 

Habit: Plant < 2.8 m, +- clonal; bulb spreading-elongate, often branched, scales (1)2--4-segmented, longest 1--3.3 cm. Leaf: alternate or in 1--8 whorls, 4--27 cm, generally +- elliptic; margin generally not wavy. Inflorescence: flowers 1--28(35), pendent. Flower: +- widely bell-shaped, generally not fragrant; perianth parts 3.4--10.4 cm, reflexed in distal 67--75%, generally +- 2-toned, adaxially generally pale orange to red on distal 25--60%, lighter near base, with maroon spots near tip margined yellow or orange, abaxially paler and green on basal +- 20%; filaments +- widely diverging, anthers 5--22 mm, +- magenta to orange or yellow, turning darker, pollen red-brown to yellow, turning lighter; pistil 3--8 cm. Fruit: 2.3--6 cm.

Lilium pardalinum Kellogg subsp. pardalinum
Habit: Plant < 2.8 m, strongly clonal; bulb scales (1)2(3)-segmented. Leaf: whorled. Flower: rarely fragrant; perianth parts 5.9--10.4 cm, 2-toned, tips darker; anthers 11--22 mm, pale magenta or magenta, turning purple (or +- yellow), pollen red- to brown-orange; pistil 5--8 cm. Fruit: 3--6 cm.
Ecology: Moist places (drier along coast); Elevation: < 1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: CA-FP. Flowering Time: May--Aug Note: Hybridizes with Lilium parvum; +- replaced by Lilium parryi in SW mountains. Variable. Intergrades with Lilium pardalinum subsp. shastense in Siskiyou Co. (Salmon Mountains), confusingly with Lilium pardalinum subsp. wigginsii in northern Humboldt Co. (near Onion Mtn).
Synonyms: Lilium harrisianum Beane & Vollmer; Lilium pardalinum var. angustifolium Kellogg; Lilium roezlii Regel;
eFlora Treatment Author: Mark W. Skinner
Unabridged Reference: Skinner 1988 Ph.D. Dissertation Harvard Univ
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Citation for this treatment: Mark W. Skinner 2012, Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2018, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 15, 2018.

Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 2016 Vernon Smith
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 2018 Neal Kramer
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 1991 Gary A. Monroe
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 2013 Barry Breckling
Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum
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© 1999 California Academy of Sciences

More photos of Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Lilium pardalinum subsp. pardalinum:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.