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Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa

Higher Taxonomy
Family: Apiaceae (Umbelliferae)View DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual to perennial herb [shrub, tree], generally from taproot. Stem: generally +- scapose, generally ribbed, hollow. Leaf: basal and generally cauline, generally alternate; stipules generally 0; petiole base generally sheathing stem; blade generally much dissected, occasionally compound. Inflorescence: umbel or head, simple or compound, generally peduncled; bracts present in involucres or 0; bractlets generally present in "involucels". Flower: many, small, generally bisexual (or some staminate), generally radial (or outer bilateral); calyx 0 or lobes 5, small; petals 5, free, generally ovate or spoon-shaped, generally incurved at tips, generally +- ephemeral; stamens 5; pistil 1, ovary inferior, 2-chambered, generally with a +- conic, persistent projection or platform at tip subtending 2 free styles. Fruit: 2 dry, 1-seeded halves (= mericarps), separating from each other but generally +- persistent to central axis; ribs on halves 5, 2 marginal, 3 to back; oil tubes 1--several per interval between ribs.
Genera In Family: 300 genera, 3000 species: +- worldwide, especially temperate; many cultivated for food or spice (e.g., Carum, caraway; Daucus; Petroselinum); Bupleurum lancifolium Hornem. is historical garden weed; some toxic (e.g., Conium). Note: Mature fruit generally critical in identification, shape given in outline. Hydrocotyle moved to Araliaceae. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) A.W. Hill is a waif.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Douglas H. Goldman, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: GlehniaView Description 

Species In Genus: 1 sp. Etymology: (P. von Glehn, Russian botanist, 19th century)

Glehnia littoralis F. Schmidt ex Miq. subsp. leiocarpa leiocarpa (Mathias) Hultén
Habit: Perennial herb, taprooted, low, prostrate or +- spreading, sparsely puberulent to tomentose. Stem: +- 0. Leaf: fleshy; petiole 2.5--15 cm; blade 2.5--15 cm wide, widely ovate, 1--2-ternate or ternate-pinnate, leaflets 0.5--5 cm wide, ovate, often 3-lobed, serrate, adaxial surface green, glabrous or glabrous in age, abaxial white-tomentose. Inflorescence: umbels compound, peduncled; bracts 0--few; bractlets several, lanceolate, long-acuminate; rays 5--15, 0.5--4.5 cm, stout, hairy; pedicels 0. Flower: calyx lobes minute; petals widely lanceolate, white, tips narrowed; ovary tip projection 0. Fruit: 4--12 mm, oblong to round, compressed front-to-back, glabrous to sparsely tomentose; ribs +- equal, conspicuously corky-winged; oil tubes several per rib-interval, large; fruit axis divided to base. Seed: face concave. Chromosomes: 2n=22.
Ecology: Ocean beaches; Elevation: +- 0 m. Bioregional Distribution: NCo; Distribution Outside California: to Alaska. Flowering Time: May--Jun Note: Other subsp. coastal eastern Asia.
eFlora Treatment Author: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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botanical illustration including Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa


Citation for this treatment: Lincoln Constance & Margriet Wetherwax 2016. Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora,, accessed on April 30, 2016.

Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2013 Dana York
Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa
click for enlargement
© 2010 Julie Kierstead Nelson

More photos of Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Glehnia littoralis subsp. leiocarpa:
Markers link to CCH specimen records. If the markers are obscured, reload the page [or change window size and reload]. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.
map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.