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Vascular Plants of California
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Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi

Higher Taxonomy
Family: PolemoniaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Habit: Annual, perennial herb, shrub, vine. Leaf: simple or compound, cauline (or most basal), alternate or opposite; stipules 0. Inflorescence: cymes, heads, clusters, or flower 1; bracts in involucres or not. Flower: sepals generally 5, fused at base, translucent membrane generally connecting lobes, torn by fruit; corolla generally 5-lobed, radial or bilateral, salverform to bell-shaped, throat often well defined; stamens generally 5, epipetalous, attached at >= 1 level, filaments of >= 1 length, pollen white, yellow, blue, or red; ovary superior, chambers generally 3, style 1, stigmas generally 3. Fruit: capsule. Seed: 1--many, when wetted swelling or not, gelatinous or not.
Genera In Family: 26 genera, 314 species: America, northern Europe, northern Asia; some cultivated (Cantua, Cobaea (cup-and-saucer vine), Collomia, Gilia, Ipomopsis, Linanthus, Phlox). Note: Leptodactylon moved to Linanthus.
eFlora Treatment Author: Robert Patterson, family description, key to genera, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: GiliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual. Stem: decumbent to erect, glabrous, hairy, glandular, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Leaf: simple, 1--3-pinnate-lobed or -dissected, generally alternate, margins entire, toothed, or lobed, tips acute, acuminate, or mucronate; basal generally in rosette; cauline generally reduced. Inflorescence: flowers 1--many in bract axils. Flower: calyx membranous between lobes, membranes splitting or expanding in fruit; corolla > calyx, lobes generally ovate, acute or acuminate. Fruit: spheric to ovoid; chambers 3; valves separating from top, to base and detaching or not to base and staying attached to receptacle. Seed: 3--many, yellow to brown, gelatinous when wet.
Species In Genus: +- 40 species: western North America, South America. Etymology: (Filippo L. Gilii, Italian naturalist, 1756--1821) Note: Stamens, styles said to be exserted protrude beyond fused part of corolla, that is, beyond corolla throat. Other taxa in TJM (1993) moved to Aliciella, Lathrocasis, Linanthus, Navarretia, Saltugilia. Gilia mexicana A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant recently found in San Diego Co.
Unabridged Note: Gilia can be challenging to identify. Several small-flowered species are only cryptically different from one another and many traits overlap. In order to successfully use the key, it is important to note pattern and distribution of flower color at the time of collection, as it may fade upon drying. Depauperate specimens may be particularly difficult if not impossible to identify using ordinary means. Descriptions of flowers follows previous authors (Day 1993; Grant & Grant 1956) in subdividing fused part of corolla into tube (basal part with parallel sides) and throat (flared part distal to tube). It is important to note that in some cases these definitions do not refer to homologous parts of the corolla.
eFlora Treatment Author: J. Mark Porter
Species: Gilia latifloraView Description 

Habit: Plant +- scapose. Leaf: basal in prostrate rosette, 2--7 cm, tufted-woolly-hairy, strap-shaped, toothed or lobed, lobes spreading; cauline shorter, clasping, entire or lobed at base, tapered. Inflorescence: generally branches ascending-spreading; pedicels unequal. Flower: showy, fragrant; calyx 2--7 mm, +- glandular, or early flowers tufted-woolly-hairy; corolla 9--35 mm, tube purple, upper throat, lobe bases white, tips lavender; stamens exserted, exceeded by style, corolla lobes. Fruit: 3--9 mm, generally > calyx, ovoid to obovoid. Seed: 11--60.
Note: Makes showy displays. Subspecies variable within populations, intergrading where ranges overlap.
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi (Milliken) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant
Stem: 10--30 cm, glabrous, glaucous below middle, or tufted-woolly-hairy. Inflorescence: pedicels elongate in fruit. Flower: calyx 4--7 mm; corolla 18--24 mm, generally 3 × lobes, tube exserted, throat generally long-tapered, purple to mid-throat or above. Fruit: 6--9 mm.
Ecology: Common. Open, sandy flats; Elevation: 400--1700 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCoRI, WTR, s&w DMoj. Flowering Time: Mar--May
Synonyms: Gilia latiflora subsp. excellens (Brand) A.D. Grant & V.E. Grant
Jepson eFlora Author: J. Mark Porter
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Botanical illustration including Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi

botanical illustration including Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi


Citation for this treatment: J. Mark Porter 2012, Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 21, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora,, accessed on October 21, 2019.

Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
click for enlargement
© 2001 George W. Hartwell
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
click for enlargement
© 2001 George W. Hartwell
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
click for enlargement
© 2016 Aaron Schusteff
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
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© 2005 Steve Matson
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
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© 2012 James M. Andre
Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi
click for enlargement
© 2012 James M. Andre

More photos of Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi in CalPhotos

Geographic subdivisions for Gilia latiflora subsp. davyi:
SCoRI, WTR, s&w DMoj.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).


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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
View all CCH records
All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues.

CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.