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Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
SUMMER HOLLY


Higher Taxonomy
Family: EricaceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key
Common Name: HEATH FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, shrub, tree. Stem: bark often peeling distinctively. Leaf: simple or 0, generally cauline, alternate, opposite (whorled), evergreen or deciduous, often leathery, petioled or not; stipules 0. Inflorescence: raceme, panicle, cyme, or flowers 1, terminal or axillary, generally bracted; pedicel often with 2 bractlets. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, bell-shaped, cylindric, or urn-shaped; sepals generally (0)4--5, generally free; petals generally (0)4--5, free or fused; stamens (2--5)8--10, free, filaments rarely appendaged, anthers dehiscing by pores or slits, awns 0 or 2(4), seemingly abaxial, reduced or elongate, generally curved; nectary generally present at ovary base, generally disk-like; ovary superior or inferior, chambers generally 1--5, placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma head- to funnel-like or lobed. Fruit: capsule, drupe, berry. Seed: generally many, winged or not.
Genera In Family: +- 100 genera, 3000 species: generally worldwide except deserts; some cultivated, especially Arbutus, Arctostaphylos, Rhododendron, Vaccinium. Note: Monophyletic only if Empetraceae included, as treated here. Ledum included in Rhododendron. Non-green plants obtain nutrition from green plants through fungal intermediates.
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Gary D. Wallace, Thomas J. Rosatti, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ComarostaphylisView Description 

Habit: Shrub, small tree, generally hairy to glandular, densely, rigidly branched, burled. Stem: bark often shredding. Leaf: alternate, evergreen, leathery, entire or serrate. Inflorescence: raceme or panicle, bracted; bractlets 2. Flower: calyx lobes (4)5, > tube; corolla urn-shaped, petals (4)5, fused; stamens (8)10, anthers dehiscing by short separate slits, awned; ovary superior, chambers 4--6, placentas pendent, axile. Fruit: drupe, juicy, papillate, red or black; stones 4--6, fused. Seed: 1 per stone.
Species In Genus: 10 species: subtropics, tropical America. Etymology: (Greek: arbutus grape cluster, from strawberry-tree-like fruits)
eFlora Treatment Author: Gary D. Wallace
Species: Comarostaphylis diversifoliaView DescriptionDichotomous Key


Stem: erect, < 5 m; bark shredding; twigs gray-tomentose. Leaf: obovate, entire or serrate. Inflorescence: raceme, generally gray-tomentose; bracts < 10 mm, lance-linear to oblong-ovate. Flower: calyx lobes lanceolate or narrowly triangular. Fruit: red.

Comarostaphylis diversifolia (Parry) Greene subsp. diversifolia
NATIVE
Inflorescence: 3.5--8 cm.
Ecology: Chaparral; Elevation: 100--550 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCo, PR; Distribution Outside California: to northern Baja California. Flowering Time: May--Jun
Jepson eFlora Author: Gary D. Wallace
Jepson Online Interchange
Listed on CNPS Rare Plant Inventory

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Botanical illustration including Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia

botanical illustration including Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia

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Citation for this treatment: Gary D. Wallace 2012, Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/eflora_display.php?tid=49949, accessed on August 20, 2019.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2019, Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/eflora/, accessed on August 20, 2019.

Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse
Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia
click for enlargement
© 2015 Keir Morse

More photos of Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia in CalPhotos



Geographic subdivisions for Comarostaphylis diversifolia subsp. diversifolia:
SCo, PR
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).





 

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Data provided by the participants of the  Consortium of California Herbaria.
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All markers link to CCH specimen records. The original determination is shown in the popup window.
Blue markers indicate specimens that map to one of the expected Jepson geographic subdivisions (see left map). Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa, if there are more than 1 infraspecific taxon in CA.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.