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Comandra umbellata subsp. californica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: ComandraceaeView Description 

Common Name: BASTARD TOADFLAX FAMILY
Habit: Perennial herb, subshrub, green root-parasite; stems, leaves glabrous. Leaf: entire, simple [reduced to scales], alternate; stipules 0. Inflorescence: generally small, simple or compound cymes, axillary or terminal. Flower: bisexual [unisexual]; calyx 0; petals 4--6; stamens opposite petals, on fleshy disk; ovary inferior, chamber 1, ovules 2--4, suspended from top of free-central placenta, style 1, stigma lobes 2--4. Fruit: drupe. Seed: 1, spheric [ovoid].
Genera In Family: 2 genera, 2 species: North America, Europe, Mediterranean. Note: Segregated, along with other families, from otherwise paraphyletic Santalaceae (Nickrent et al.).
eFlora Treatment Author: Danica T. Harbaugh
Scientific Editor: Thomas J. Rosatti.
Genus: ComandraView Description 

Common Name: BASTARD TOADFLAX
Habit: Rhizome extensive. Stem: green, blue-green, or +- gray, striate. Leaf: +- sessile. Flower: subtended by bractlet; calyx tube bell- or urn-shaped, lobes 5(6); stamen base hair-tufted. Fruit: crowned by persistent calyx.
Species In Genus: 4 species: 3 America, 1 Europe. Etymology: (Greek: hair, man, for hairy stamen bases)

Comandra umbellata (L.) Nutt. subsp. californica (Eastw. ex Rydb.) Piehl.
NATIVE
Stem: many from rhizome, 10--40 cm, branched, glaucous. Leaf: 15--55 mm, lanceolate, acute to sharp-pointed, abaxially paler or not. Flower: 2--3.5 mm; calyx lobes lanceolate to narrow-ovate, +- white; anthers +- 0.5 mm. Fruit: 5--7.5 mm, oblong-ovoid.
Ecology: Generally dry, +- rocky areas; Elevation: 300--3000 m. Bioregional Distribution: KR, CaR, SN, SNE, n DMoj; Distribution Outside California: to British Columbia, southwestern Nevada, northwestern Arizona. Flowering Time: Apr--Aug
eFlora Treatment Author: Danica T. Harbaugh
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botanical illustration including Comandra umbellata subsp. californica

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Citation for this treatment: Danica T. Harbaugh 2016. Comandra umbellata subsp. californica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49946, accessed on May 24, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on May 24, 2016.


Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Barry Breckling
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2015 Barry Breckling
Comandra umbellata subsp. californica
click for enlargement
© 2008 Steve Matson

More photos of Comandra umbellata subsp. californica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Comandra umbellata subsp. californica:
KR, CaR, SN, SNE, n DMoj;
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.