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Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica

Higher Taxonomy
Family: OnagraceaeView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Common Name: EVENING-PRIMROSE FAMILY
Habit: Annual to perennial herb (to tree). Leaf: cauline or basal, alternate, opposite, or whorled, generally simple and toothed (to pinnately compound); stipules 0 or generally deciduous. Inflorescence: spike, raceme, panicle, or flowers 1 in axils; bracted. Flower: generally bisexual, generally radial, often opening at either dawn or dusk; hypanthium generally prolonged beyond ovary (measured from ovary tip to sepal base); sepals 4(2--7); petals 4(2--7, rarely 0), often fading darker; stamens 2 × or = sepals in number, anthers 2-chambered, opening lengthwise, pollen interconnected by threads; ovary inferior, chambers generally as many as sepals (sometimes becoming 1), placentas axile or parietal, ovules 1--many per chamber, style 1, stigma 4-lobed (or lobes as many as sepals), club-shaped, spheric, or hemispheric. Fruit: capsule, loculicidal (sometimes berry or indehiscent and nut-like). Seed: sometimes winged or hair-tufted.
Genera In Family: 22 genera, +- 657 species: worldwide, especially western North America; many cultivated (Clarkia, Epilobium, Fuchsia, Oenothera). Note: Gaura moved to Oenothera. Fuchsia magellanica Lam. naturalized in northern California.
eFlora Treatment Author: Warren L. Wagner & Peter C. Hoch, family description, key to genera; treatment of genera by Warren L. Wagner, except as noted
Scientific Editor: Robert Patterson, Bruce G. Baldwin.
Genus: ClarkiaView DescriptionDichotomous Key

Habit: Annual < 1.5 m. Stem: prostrate to erect, glabrous, often glaucous, or puberulent (hairs long, spreading). Leaf: pinnately veined; petiole < 4 cm or 0; blade 1--10 cm, linear to elliptic or ovate, entire or shallow-toothed, glabrous or sparsely puberulent. Inflorescence: spike, raceme; bracts leaf-like; axis in bud straight or recurved at tip, in flower +- straight; buds erect or not. Flower: hypanthium obconic to cup-shaped, or long, slender, generally with ring of hairs within; sepals 4, generally fused to tip in bud, reflexed at least at base, staying fused at least at tip, in 4s or 2s, or all coming free; corolla bowl-shaped to rotate, petals 5--60 mm, often lobed or clawed, lavender or pink to dark red, pale yellow, or white, often spotted, flecked, or streaked with red, purple, or white; stamens 8, in 2 like or unlike series, or 4, filaments cylindric to wider distally, subtended by ciliate scales or generally not, anthers attached at base, pollen white or yellow to blue-gray, lavender, or +- red; ovary 4-chambered, glabrous or not, cylindric, fusiform, or wider distally, generally shallowly to deeply 4- or 8-grooved, stigma lobes 4, generally prominent. Fruit: generally capsule, elongate (short, indehiscent, nut-like). Seed: generally many, rarely 1--2, 0.5--2 mm, angled, crested or not, brown, gray, or mottled.
Species In Genus: +- 41 species: western North America, 1 South America. Etymology: (Captain William Clark, 1770--1838, of Lewis & Clark Expedition) Note: Self-fertile; self-pollinated or outcrossed; on herbarium specimens, curvature of inflorescence axis in bud generally reliable, pollen color generally not.
eFlora Treatment Author: Harlan Lewis
Species: Clarkia cylindricaView Description 

Stem: erect, < 6 dm, puberulent or glabrous. Leaf: petiole < 5 mm; blade 1--6 cm, linear to narrowly lanceolate. Inflorescence: axis in bud recurved at tip; buds pendent. Flower: hypanthium 2--7 mm, ring of hairs below rim; sepals staying fused in 4s, red-purple; corolla bowl-shaped, petals 10--35 mm, fan-shaped, base bright purple-red, middle +- white, distally purple to pink-lavender, middle and distally often red-purple-flecked; stamens 8, width of outer filaments +- 2 × inner, outer anthers lavender, inner smaller, paler; ovary 4-grooved, stigma exserted beyond anthers. Fruit: 2--5 cm, cylindric or wider distally; beak 3--5 mm. Chromosomes: n=9.
Note: Subspecies intergrade.

Clarkia cylindrica (Jeps.) H. Lewis & M. Lewis subsp. cylindrica
NATIVE
Flower: hypanthium length +- = ovary width; fruit cylindric.
Ecology: Open grassland, woodland, chaparral; Elevation: < 1000 m. Bioregional Distribution: SCoR, WTR. Flowering Time: Apr--Jun
eFlora Treatment Author: Harlan Lewis
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Citation for this treatment: Harlan Lewis 2016. Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica, in Jepson Flora Project (eds.) Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/cgi-bin/get_IJM.pl?tid=49899, accessed on August 27, 2016.

Citation for the whole project: Jepson Flora Project (eds.) 2016. Jepson eFlora, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/IJM.html, accessed on August 27, 2016.


Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2010 Neal Kramer
Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse
Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2005 Keir Morse
Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica
click for enlargement
© 2009 Keir Morse

More photos of Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica in CalPhotos


Geographic subdivisions for Clarkia cylindrica subsp. cylindrica:
SCoR, WTR.
Markers link to CCH specimen records. Yellow markers indicate records that may provide evidence for eFlora range revision or may have georeferencing or identification issues. Purple markers indicate specimens collected from a garden, greenhouse, or other non-wild location.
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map of distribution 1
(Note: any qualifiers in the taxon distribution description, such as 'northern', 'southern', 'adjacent' etc., are not reflected in the map above, and in some cases indication of a taxon in a subdivision is based on a single collection or author-verified occurence).

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Data provided by the participants of the Consortium of California Herbaria.
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CCH collections by month

Duplicates counted once; synonyms included.
Species do not include records of infraspecific taxa.
Blue line denotes eFlora flowering time.